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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Discovery of a Colonial Plantation

King’s Reach Site

 
 
Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
1. Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker
Inscription. For more than 300 years, farmers have grown crops in this field. In the 1980s, archaeologists noticed historic objects on the surface in one area of the plowed field. To learn more about early rural life in Maryland, they carefully collected the objects, and then excavated the site. Their work revealed a colonial-area tobacco plantation, including the remains of the owner’s house and a smaller residence for slaves or servants. A fence connected the two structures. In the early 1700s the plantation was called St. Leonard’s, but in the 20th century this area became known as King’s Reach.

In the late 1990s, archaeologist and volunteers found evidence of more farm buildings in the surrounding fields. These include a large tobacco barn and another servant or slave house.

Would You Like to Know More?
An outline of the King’s Reach dwellings is reconstructed in the middle of the field, where interpretive panels explain more about the excavations. Some of the artifacts found here are displayed at the Visitor’s Center.

(Inscriptions under the photos in the bottom and left)
1. Tobacco Barn site, 1993. Each archaeologist is standing on a patch of dark soil that marks the location of a barn wall support post.
2. Surface collection, 1997.
3. Screening soil for objects, 1997.
4. Measuring an excavation square,

Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
2. Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker
1997.
5. Excavation, 1984.

“Each planter provides as many of such houses as he needs. They build also a separate kitchen, a house for the Christian slaves, another for the negro slaves, and several tobacco barns, so that in arriving at the plantation of a person of importance you think you are entering a considerable village.” Monsieur Durand, 1686, on Chesapeake planters.
 
Location. 38° 24.088′ N, 76° 30.583′ W. Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker is on Jefferson Patterson Park Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); What Life Was Like Here (about 600 feet away); King's Reach Post Mold Patterns (about 700 feet away); Evidence Found in the Ground (about 700 feet away); Indian Life at the Stearns Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (approx. 0.2 miles away); War on the Water (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. Colonial EraSettlements & Settlers

 
Distant Shot of the Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
3. Distant Shot of the Discovery of a Colonial Plantation Marker
Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
4. Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 167 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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