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St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Weapons of War

American Artillery

 

—Replica Fiberglass Cannon on Carriage —

 
Weapons of War Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
1. Weapons of War Marker
Inscription. The replica 18-pounder cannon located on the hill is similar to the type used by American forces during the Battle of St. Leonard Creek. “18-pounder” refers to the weight of the cannonballs, which were approximately five inches in diameter.

The Chesapeake Flotilla carried 24, 32, and 42-pounder cannonades (short, light cannon capable of firing a relatively large caliber shot) and 12, 18, and 24-pounder long guns.

The cannon fired during the battle were mounted on two types of carriages. Small-wheeled naval carriages—replicated here--- were used on the ships. The large-wheeled traveling carriages (shown in the illustration) were employed by the American land forces.

(Inscription beside the furnace in the upper center)
During the Battle of St. Leonard Creek, a small portable furnace---perhaps similar to the one shown at left--except mounted on large wheeled carriage---was used by the American land forces to heat solid shot, which upon striking wooden ships, could set them on fire. One soldier lost his arms when a mishandled hot shot caused an explosion at the gun battery.

U.S.S. Constellation
Eagle Scout Project-This replica gun battery was an Eagle Scout project by Erich Eshelman from Troop 427, Solomons, MD. It is typical of gun batteries used in the Chesapeake Bay region during the War

Weapons of War Marker with the cannon at the top of the hill image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
2. Weapons of War Marker with the cannon at the top of the hill
of 1812. The original gun battery during the Battle of St. Leonard Creek was located approximately 2,100 feet to the south, over-looking the Patuxent River and the mouth of the creek.

To create this replica battery, Erich conducted the research and coordinated all aspects of the project, including assembling volunteers who provided 121.5 hours of labor.

The cannon is a fiberglass cast of a late 18th century cannon found during recent renovations of the U.S.S. Constellation. The cannon was purchased by the Friends of Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum, thanks to a grant from the Eugene Chancy Foundation. Numerous other local companies and foundations also contributed to the project, making this a highly successful community effort in the summer of 2000.

(Inscription under the drawing in the left bottom)
Cannon on Traveling Carriage, Courtesy Round Shot and Rammers, by Harold L. Peterson, 1969, Stackpole Books.

(Inscription under the photos on the right)
Project Participants: Joey Black, Matt Black, Chris Chulski, Sean Daly, Brandon Davis, Erich Eshelman, Ricky Gines, Roberto Gines, Ray Hiben, Bradley Jeshelnik, Morgan Kaumyer, Josh McAlister, Matt McMinn, Daniel McMurry, Brandon Perkings, Matt Sanders, Joey Sntivasci, Jay Simpson, Kyle Simpson, and Jeremy Smith.

Funding provided to the Friends of Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, Inc. by the Chesapeake

Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
3. Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
Bay Gateways Network, National Park Service.
 
Erected by Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development.
 
Location. 38° 23.902′ N, 76° 30.408′ W. Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker is on Jefferson Patterson Park Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum near the Visitor Center. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Naval Warfare (within shouting distance of this marker); The War of 1812 Living History (within shouting distance of this marker); Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fate of the Flotilla (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Jefferson Patterson Park & Museum (about 600 feet away); What is this Big White Building? (approx. ¼ mile away); The Government at St. Leonard’s (approx. ¼ mile away); Attention to Detail-Gertrude Sawyer, Architect (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Captain Addison's Hot Shot Furnace image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
4. Captain Addison's Hot Shot Furnace
from An Introduction to British Artillery in North America, 1930 by S. James Gooding
Close-up of photo on marker
Cannon on Travelling Carriage image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
5. Cannon on Travelling Carriage
from Round Shot and Rammers by Harold L.Peterson, 1969.
Close-up of image on marker
Replica Fiberglass 18-Pounder image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 15, 2016
6. Replica Fiberglass 18-Pounder
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 254 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on July 22, 2016.
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