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St. Leonard in Calvert County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

“We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage”

Captain Joshua Barney June 11, 1814

 

—First Battle of St. Leonard Creek —

 
“We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage” Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
1. “We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage” Marker
Inscription. After encountering superior British naval forces, Commodore Barney retreated into the relative safety of St. Leonard Creek, which was easily defendable because of its narrow entrance and high banks. One June 8th, 9th, and 10th, the British sent wave after wave of gunboats, schooners, and barges into the creek to destroy the Flotilla. In this First Battle of St. Leonard Creek, the British forces were soundly repulsed. They began a campaign of terror, pillaging the plantations along the Patuxent River in an attempt to draw Barney from his lair.

(Inscription next to the image in the center)
Replica of report from the Maryland Republican, June 4, 1814.

Letter from Commodore Joshua Barney
“…on the evening of the ninth the enemy moved up with 20 barges, having received more force from the 74 (gun ship-of-the-line) at the mouth of the Patuxent. I met them, and after a short action drove them until dark, and returned to my anchorage. Yesterday they made a bold attempt, about 2 pm they moved up with 21 barges, one rocket barge, and two schooners in tow. On making their appearance, we went down on them; they kept up a smart fire some time seemed determined to something decisive. But they soon gave way and retreated, we pursued them down the creek. At the mouth lay the 18 gun schooner; she attempted to beat out, but

Close up of maps on the marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
2. Close up of maps on the marker
1st Map-June 10: Opening Attack; 2nd Map-American Advance; 3rd Map-American Withdrawal. Redrawn from Flotilla: Battle for the Patuxent by Donald Shomette, 1981
our fire was so severe she ran ashore at the entrance and was abandoned. We still pursued until the Razee and brig opened upon us a brisk fire, which completely covered the schooner and the flying barge, 8c. We must have done considerable damage.

…By information, they suffered much. The large schooner was nearly destroyed, having several shot through her at the water’s edge; her deck torn up, gun dismounted, and main-mast nearly cut off about half-way up, and rendered unserviceable. She was otherwise much cut; they ran her ashore to prevent her sinking. The commodore’s boat was cut in two; a shot went through the rocket boat; one of the small schooners, carrying two 32 pounders, had a shot which raked her from aft, forward; the boats, generally, suffered; but I have not ascertained what loss they sustained in men.” Extract of a letter from Commodore Barney to the Secretary of the Navy, William Jones, St. Leonard Creek, June 11, 1814. Courtesy of the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland. Funding provided to the Friends of Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, Inc. by the Chesapeake Bay Gateway Network, National Park Service.
 
Erected by Maryland Department of Housing and Community Development.
 
Location. 38° 23.661′ N, 76° 30.441′ W.

“We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage” Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
3. “We Must Have Done Them Considerable Damage” Marker
Marker is in St. Leonard, Maryland, in Calvert County. Marker is on Jefferson Patterson Park Road. Click for map. The marker is on the grounds of the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Leonard MD 20685, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Search for the Chesapeake Flotilla (here, next to this marker); Smith’s St. Leonard Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Attention to Detail-Gertrude Sawyer, Architect (within shouting distance of this marker); The Government at St. Leonard’s (within shouting distance of this marker); John Stuart Skinner (within shouting distance of this marker); Valor at St. Leonard Creek (within shouting distance of this marker); “The Commodore Can Beat Any…Barges…Sent Against Him” (within shouting distance of this marker); Land Battle Evidence (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in St. Leonard.
 
Categories. War of 1812
 
Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, February 10, 2015
4. Sign at the entrance to Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum
Joshua Barney image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, September 5, 2015
5. Joshua Barney
This 1818 portrait of Joshua Barney (1759-1818) by Rembrandt Peale, (Detail), hangs in the Maryland Historical Society Museum in Baltimore, Maryland.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234. This page has been viewed 246 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Md 21234.   5. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on December 20, 2016.
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