“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Québec in Capitale-Nationale (region), Quebec — French Canadian Region

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm


Louis-Joseph de Montcalm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 28, 2014
1. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm Marker
Inscription. French:
À la suite de blessures reçues lors de la bataille des plaines d’Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, marquis de Montcalm, lieutenant général des armées française en Nouvelle-France, décède à l’aube du 14 septembre 1759 dans la maison du chirurgien André Arnoux jadis construite sur ce site.

Né en 1712 au château de Candiac, près de Nîmes, dans le sud de la France, Montcalm débute sa carrière militaire à l’âge de 20 ans. Nomme maréchal de camp en 1756, il arrive à Québec le 13 mai de la même année pour servir sous le commandement du gouverneur général Pierre Rigaud de Vaudreuil. Promu au grade de lieutenant général en octobre 1758, il se voit confier le commandement de toutes les forces militaires en Nouvelle-France. Le 13 septembre 1759, il affronte avec une partie de ses troupes le major général James Wolfe à la tête de l’armée anglaise sur les plaines d’Abraham. James Wolfe meurt le jour même, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, le lendemain.

English translation:
As a result of wounds received at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, Marquis de Montcalm, the French army lieutenant general in New France, died at dawn on September 14, 1759 in the house of the surgeon André Arnoux once built on this site.

Born in 1712 in the Chateau of Candiac, near Nimes in southern
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, July 28, 2014
2. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm Marker
France, Montcalm began his military career at the age of 20 years. Named Field Marshall in 1756 he arrived in Quebec on May 13 of that year to serve under the command of Governor General Pierre Rigaud de Vaudreuil. Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General in October 1758 he was given command of all military forces in New France. September 13, 1759, with some of his troops,he confronted Major-General James Wolfe at the head of the British army on the Plains of Abraham. James Wolfe died on the same day, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, the next day.
Erected 1999 by Ville de Québec & Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère de la Culture et des Communications.
Location. 46° 48.677′ N, 71° 12.484′ W. Marker is in Québec, Quebec, in Capitale-Nationale (region). Marker is on Rue Saint Louis just from Rue du Corps de Garde, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 47 Rue Saint Louis, Québec, Quebec G1R 3Z2, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Joseph Bouchette (within shouting distance of this marker); The Jacquet House (within shouting distance of this marker); Stone Wind Mill (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Ulric-Joseph Tessier
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm image. Click for full size.
3. Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
(about 90 meters away); General Richard Montgomery (about 90 meters away); Kent House (about 90 meters away); The Maillou House (about 120 meters away); Premier Hôtel de Ville (about 150 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Québec.
Also see . . .  Biography of Marquis Louis-Joseph de Montcalm - Military Heritage. He was a brave officer, of this there can be no doubt, but serious defects in his character made him unfit to command an army. His intrigues to undermine the authority of his superior, the governor general, his open and at times slanderous criticism of Vaudreuil and the Canadians, his refusal to admit that tactics other than those employed in Europe had any merit, his chronic defeatism, all caused trouble and undermined the morale of the forces. Yet he had won some notable victories. But in his final campaign, when he was presented with an opportunity to destroy Wolfe’s army, or at least avoid his own defeat, he threw it away and suffered one of the most disastrous defeats in history. (Submitted on March 6, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
Categories. War, French and Indian
The Death of Montcalm image. Click for full size.
By Marc Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, circa 1902
4. The Death of Montcalm
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 179 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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