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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hermitage in Davidson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

A home for Jackson’s Slaves

1821-1865

 
 
A home for Jackson’s Slaves 1821-1865 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 25, 2010
1. A home for Jackson’s Slaves 1821-1865 Marker
Inscription. Andrew Jackson arrived at the Hermitage in 1804 with nine slaves. By 1821, that number had risen to fifty. In 1823, Jackson brought another thirty enslaved African Americans here from his recently sold Alabama plantation.

Faced with pressing need for additional slave housing, he built several new cabins and converted his long farmhouse into a one-story slave cabin. Over the next thirty years, Jackson’s slave population continued to grow, peaking at 150.

When Jackson retired from the Presidency in 1837, he returned home to face debts accumulated by his son. After Jackson died in 1845, Andrew Jackson Jr. encountered continued money woes that eventually forced him to sell off slaves and land. In 1856, he sold The Hermitage to the State of Tennessee and moved his family and all but a few of his slaves to a farm in Mississippi.

Shortly before the Civil War, the Mississippi farm failed and the Jacksons returned to The Hermitage as tenants. After the war, the Jackson family stayed at The Hermitage while only a few former slaves remained as paid employees.
 
Erected by The Hermitage.
 
Location. 36° 13.013′ N, 86° 36.663′ W. Marker is in Hermitage, Tennessee, in Davidson County. Marker can
Jackson's Inventory image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 25, 2010
2. Jackson's Inventory
In 1825, Andrew Jackson made this inventory of his enslaved workers for a tax assessment. He listed them by family, with the total number in each family to the right. In all, Jackson has owned eighty slaves at that time.
be reached from Rachel's Lane. Click for map. Located on the Hermitage Historical Site. Marker is in this post office area: Hermitage TN 37076, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Abandonment and Preservation (a few steps from this marker); The Hermitage Landscape (a few steps from this marker); The Belted Galloway (a few steps from this marker); Land Conservation at The Hermitage (a few steps from this marker); A Future President's Home (within shouting distance of this marker); Growing Cotton (within shouting distance of this marker); Field Quarter Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); The First Hermitage (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Hermitage.
 
Categories. African Americans
 
Jackson’s enslaved cook, Betty, and her great-grandchildren. image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 25, 2010
3. Jackson’s enslaved cook, Betty, and her great-grandchildren.
This photograph is believed to be Jackson’s enslaved cook, Betty, and her great-grandchildren. Jackson purchased Betty as a child in 1794, and she lived nearly her entire life in slave cabins at The Hermitage. Betty’s children were likely born in the log kitchen.
Enslave buildings image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 25, 2010
4. Enslave buildings
At least two other log and brick buildings that may have housed the enslaved once stood at this site, but few records remain of their appearance or use. This image shows the chimney base of one of those buildings, a log cabin located southeast of the standing buildings.
A home for Jackson’s Slaves 1821-1865 image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 25, 2010
5. A home for Jackson’s Slaves 1821-1865
This photograph is believed to be Jackson’s enslaved cook, Betty, and her great-grandchildren. Jackson purchased Betty as a child in 1794, and she lived nearly her entire life in slave cabins at The Hermitage. Betty’s children were likely born in the log kitchen.
Wide view of A Home for Jackson’s Slaves Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, June 14, 2015
6. Wide view of A Home for Jackson’s Slaves Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 522 times since then and 15 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.   6. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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