Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Nashville in Davidson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Parthenon

 
 
The Parthenon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
1. The Parthenon Marker
Inscription. The world’s only replica of the Parthenon, epitome of Greek culture, was the central building at Tennessee’s Centennial Exposition, May 1 thru October 31, 1897. The original temple, dedicated to Athena, Greek Goddess of Wisdom occupied the most sacred area in ancient Greece, the crest of the Acropolis, a hill overlooking Athens.

Major Eugene C. Lewis, director of the Centennial believed that a reproduction of the Greek masterwork to serve as a gallery of fine arts would inspire a love of beauty and a spirit of excellence. Colonel William C. Smith served as architect and George J. Zolnay, sculptor. Contractor for the building was Edward Laurent with Foster and Creighton contracting for the foundation.

The reception of the Centennial – It was the first exposition in the nation to be both an artistic and financial success – and public response to the Parthenon indicated, that although it was made of temporary materials, it should be reconstructed on a permanent basis. Construction was started in 1921, the exterior completed in 1925, but due to the lack of funds it was not until May 20, 1931, that the Parthenon as it stands today was opened to the public.

Hart, Freeland and Roberts, with William B. Dinsmoor consulting, served as architects George J. Zolnay, Leopold Scholz and Belle Linney Scholz,
The Parthenon Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
2. The Parthenon Marker
sculptors. Foster and Creighton were general contractors, others who contributed to the work included John J. Early Company, General Bronze Corporation, John Bouchard and Sons, Herbrice and Lawrence H.E. Parmer, J.J. Hutchinson and Son, J.O. Kirkpatrick, Charles A. Howell Art Mosaic and Tile Company and A. T. Kanaday.

Board of Park Commissioners
Robert M. Dudley
M.T. Bryan
Lee J. Loventhal
W.R. Cole
Robert T. Creighton
Charles M. McCabe
Percy Warner
Rogers Coldwell
J.R.W. Brown
Edwin Warner
 
Location. 36° 8.962′ N, 86° 48.844′ W. Marker is in Nashville, Tennessee, in Davidson County. Marker is on 27th Avenue North 0.3 miles north of West End Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2600 West End Ave, Nashville TN 37203, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Federal Defenses (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Nashville (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing); The Nashville Parthenon (within shouting distance of this marker); John W. Thomas (within shouting distance of this marker); United Nations Visit To Nashville
The Parthenon Marker and rear of the Parthenon. image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
3. The Parthenon Marker and rear of the Parthenon.
(about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Major Wilbur Fisk Foster (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lieutenant James Simmons Timothy (approx. 0.2 miles away); Founding of Altrusa International (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Nashville.
 
Categories. Notable Buildings
 
The Parthenon main entrance. image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
4. The Parthenon main entrance.
Athena inside the Parthenon. image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
5. Athena inside the Parthenon.
Athena~Photograph and info from the Parthenon Museum image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
6. Athena~Photograph and info from the Parthenon Museum
Enid Yandell's 25-foot-tall sculpture (40 feet including the base) of the goddess Athena stood in front of the east end of the Parthenon. At the time, this enormous statue was the largest ever created by a woman. The sculpture is an exact replica, on much larger scale, of the Athena of Velletri in the Louvre Museum in Paris. Yandell sculpted it in her Paris studio in three part, then had it shipped to the United States. Before it left, Yandell hosted a bon voyage party for the statue, treating her guest to a candle-lit feast inside Athena's torso. It was a popular symbol of the Centennial Exposition, and images of it graced souvenirs and promotional materials. It is unknown what happened to the statue after the Centennial Exposition. It was made of plaster staff, much like the buildings, and would not have been able to withstand extended expose to the weather.
Photograph from the Parthenon Museum image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
7. Photograph from the Parthenon Museum
Vistors look across Lake Watauga toward some of the fair's spectacular buildings, including the Parthenon and the Memphis-Shelby Country building (right), which was based on the pyramid of Cheops, also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza, in Egypt.
Athena's shield image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
8. Athena's shield
Athena's shield image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
9. Athena's shield
Athena image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
10. Athena
The Parthenon sculptures image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
11. The Parthenon sculptures
The Parthenon Pillars image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, July 11, 2012
12. The Parthenon Pillars
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 571 times since then and 4 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. submitted on , by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement