Yorktown in York County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Great Valley
Before the American Revolution, this narrow footpath, cutting through the Great Valley, was a major thoroughfare that linked Yorktown's busy waterfront district with businesses and government offices on Main Street.
At the head of the Valley were the Nelson stores, started sometime in the first decade of the 1700s by English immigrant, Thomas Nelson. Nelson's merchant business thrived at this location, and richly supported the efforts to repeal British taxes on imports. In 1776, four years after his death, his sons, Thomas and Hugh, were forced to close the family business due to the war.
Declining tobacco yields and the 1781 siege crippled Yorktown's economy. In 1814, a fire destroyed the waterfront district and some buildings on Main Street, including the Nelson stores. The town never recovered and fell into a quiet existence.
Erected by National Park Service: Historic Yorktown Colonial
Location. 37° 14.06′ N, 76° 30.408′ W. Marker is in Yorktown, Virginia, in York County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Nelson Street, on the right when traveling west on Main Street. Click for map. The marker is at the start of a trail which leads down the Great Valley north to Yorktown Beach and the York River. Marker is in this post office area: Yorktown VA 23690, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Nelson House, circa 1730 (within shouting distance of this marker); Dudley Digges House, circa 1760 (within shouting distance of this marker); Custom House, circa 1720 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cole Digges House, circa 1925 (about 400 feet away); Somerwell House (about 500 feet away); York Under Siege 1781 (about 600 feet away); York “Under The Hill” (about 600 feet away); East Along Main Street (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Yorktown.
Regarding The Great Valley. The marker includes the following illustrations:
1. Sketched map captioned "Lieutenant Louis Berthier of the French army drew this billeting map of Yorktown after the 1781 siege in preparation for some of the French army to quarter in the town. The map shows the Great Valley as two streets converging into one and the Nelson Stores at the head of the valley."
2.Thomas Nelson's signature (the immigrant)
3. A typical 18th century store stocked many imported goods such as tea, sugar, and other household items. Courtesy of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
4. Eighteenth century pottery shards excavated from the lower Great Valley.
Categories. • Colonial Era • Industry & Commerce • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This page has been viewed 164 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.