Stockton in Baldwin County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
The Mound Line
—Mile Mound No. 216 located 1200 feet east —
Surveyed in 1799 to mark the 31° North Latitude, this line charted the first southern boundary of the United States, separating the U.S. from Spanish Florida. The line was marked at one-mile intervals by earthen mounds approximately fifteen-feet square and three-feet high with a charred lighter-pine post at the center, hence the name Mound Line.
Jointly surveyed by Major Andrew Ellicott, U.S. Commissioner, and Esteban Minor, Spanish Commissioner, to determine boundaries as agreed in the Treaty of San Lorenzo in 1795. The line began at the Mississippi River, ran east along 31° North Latitude to the Chattahoochie River, thence eventually to the Atlantic Ocean.
Stockton was divided by this line, with some residents living in the United States and some in Spanish Florida. Although Stockton became a “border town,” U.S. law generally prevailed in the area.
Sponsored by The Stockton Civic Club
Erected 1999 by Alabama Historical Association.
Location. 30° 59.781′ N, 87° 51.415′ W. Marker is in Stockton, Alabama, in Baldwin County. Marker is on Alabama Route 59 north of Hodgson Road, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Stockton AL 36579, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Bartram’s Trail (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Stockton Presbyterian Church (approx. half a mile away); Historic Stockton / Old Schoolyard Park (approx. 1.1 miles away); Major Robert Farmar Plantation (approx. 1.1 miles away); Kennedy Mill, c.1811 (approx. 2.1 miles away); Ellicott's Stone (approx. 10 miles away); Site of Old Mobile (approx. 10.4 miles away); Fort Stoddert (approx. 11.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Stockton.
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 722 times since then and 178 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.