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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vicksburg in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Debate and Decision

 
 
Debate and Decision Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce
1. Debate and Decision Marker
Inscription.
From his headquarters in this grand mansion, Confederate General Pemberton followed the movement of enemy troops during the siege. He watched his men suffering from lack of food and the relentless Union bombardment.

After nearly seven weeks, he gathered his commanders together. Did they have the will to keep fighting? Debating late into the night of July 2, 1863, Pemberton made the difficult decision to surrender.

At 10 a.m. to-morrow I propose to evacuate the works in and around Vicksburg, and to surrender the city and garrison under my command, by marching out with my colors and arms, stacking them in front of my present lines, after which you will take possession.
General John Pemberton
July 3, 1863
 
Erected by Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 32° 20.914′ N, 90° 52.684′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker is on Crawford Street east of Cherry Street, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39180, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pemberton Headquarters (a few steps from this marker); Balfour House (within
Pemberton Headquarters image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce
2. Pemberton Headquarters
shouting distance of this marker); Old Natchez District (approx. 0.2 miles away); South Central Bell (approx. 0.2 miles away); Vicksburg (approx. ¼ mile away); Mississippi Dental Association (approx. ¼ mile away); Willie Dixon (approx. 0.3 miles away); Planters' Hall (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Vicksburg.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Pemberton Headquarters image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce, January 12, 2015
3. Pemberton Headquarters
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 275 times since then and 5 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin.   3. submitted on , by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. A photograph of the marker and surrounding area in context. • Can you help?
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