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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

L'Hermitage

 
 
L'Hermitage Marker image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
1. L'Hermitage Marker
Inscription. In the late 1700s, a large slave village was constructed just beyond the building in front of you. By 1800, as many as 90 enslaved laborers were housed there, an unusually large number of slaves for this area. The enslaved people were the property of the Vincendière family, French planters who fled a slave revolt in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) in 1793. They acquired land and enslaved laborers to establish L'Hermitage plantation, seemingly intent on recreating the Caribbean slave system here in Frederick County. Local authorities, however, did not favor their approach; court records indicate that members of the household were accused of mistreating their slaves and withholding food and clothing. L'Hermitage was sold in 1827, and there was never again a sizable slave population at the farm.

One can see a row of wooden houses and one stone house...[and] instruments of torture, stocks, wooden horses, whips, etc....They foam with rage, beat the negroes, complain and fight with each other.
Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz's 1798 eye-witness accounts of L'Hermitage

(b>(caption)
(lower left) In 2003, archeologists confirmed the location of the L'Hermitage slave village. Building foundations and artifacts unearthed at the site shed light on a dark past and help tell the stories of the people who toiled here.
 
Erected by
Confederate artillery near the main house on the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
2. Confederate artillery near the main house on the Best Farm
Monocacy National Battlefield—National Park Service—U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 39° 22.232′ N, 77° 23.913′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Urbana Pike (Maryland Route 355) 0.4 miles south of New Technology Way, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. This marker is located near the parking lot on the Best Farm, stop 1 on the Auto-Tour route. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5201 Urbana Pike, Frederick MD 21703, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Caught in the Crossfire (here, next to this marker); 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment (approx. 0.3 miles away); Commemoration (approx. 0.3 miles away); Nick of Time (approx. 0.4 miles away); Slave to Soldier (approx. 0.4 miles away); Battle of Monocacy (approx. 0.4 miles away); This Boulder Overlooks the Monocacy Battlefield (approx. 0.4 miles away); Headquarters of Generals Robert E. Lee (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Frederick.
 
Also see . . .
1. Monocacy National Battlefield. National Park Service (Submitted on April 13, 2015.) 

2. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled
Nearby marker and map of the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
3. Nearby marker and map of the Best Farm
“Confederates Invade Maryland” (Submitted on April 13, 2015.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansMilitaryWar, US Civil
 
Secondary Dwelling on the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Shawn Oliver, April 2, 2015
4. Secondary Dwelling on the Best Farm
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 344 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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