“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Valley Head in Randolph County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Big Lime

Big Lime Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 15, 2015
1. Big Lime Marker
Inscription. The Greenbrier Limestone in this quarry represent the “Big Lime” of the driller. Fish-egg like oölitic zones in the “Big Lime” produce oil and natural gas in West Virginia.
Erected 1963 by the West Virginia Centennial Committee and the Oil and Natural Gas Industry. West Virginia Historic Commission.
Location. 38° 32.962′ N, 80° 4.682′ W. Marker is near Valley Head, West Virginia, in Randolph County. Marker is on West Virginia Route 15 3.6 miles west of U.S. 219, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Valley Head WV 26294, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Valley Head (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Conley Graves (approx. 3.1 miles away); Mingo Flats (approx. 4.2 miles away); Camp Elkwater (approx. 6.1 miles away); Elkwater / Col. J. A. Washington (approx. 6.1 miles away); Lee's Headquarters (approx. 6.3 miles away); Webster County / Randolph County (approx. 6.3 miles away); a different marker also named Lee's Headquarters (approx. 9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Valley Head.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia entry for Greenbrier Limestone
Big Lime Marker and Quarry image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 15, 2015
2. Big Lime Marker and Quarry
. The Greenbrier Limestone, also known locally as the “Big Lime,” is an extensive limestone unit deposited during the Middle Mississippian Epoch, part of the Carboniferous Period. This rock stratum is present below ground in much of West Virginia and neighboring Kentucky, and extends somewhat into adjacent western Maryland and southwestern Virginia. The name derives from the Greenbrier River in West Virginia.

Greenbrier Limestone is in some places more than 400 feet (120 metres) thick, allowing it to trap large quantities of oil and gas. Since this carbonate rock erodes quickly in the region's wet climate, outcrops are not prominent and are often quarried.

The Greenbrier Limestone is subdivided into six stratigraphic units. In ascending order, they are Denmar Limestone, Taggard Shale, Pickaway Limestone, Union Limestone, Greenville Shale, and Alderson Limestone. The limestones in this interval are predominantly skeletal grainstones or packstones. The Pickaway and especially the Union contain oolitic grainstones.

Numerous solution caves are developed within the Greenbrier Formation. (Submitted on April 11, 2015.) 

2. Wikipedia entry for Oolite (Egg Stone). Oolite (egg stone) is a sedimentary rock formed from ooids, spherical grains composed of concentric layers.
Quarry image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, March 15, 2015
3. Quarry
The name derives from the ancient Greek word ̣oion for egg. Strictly, oolites consist of ooids of diameter 0.25–2 mm; rocks composed of ooids larger than 2 mm are called pisolites. The term oolith can refer to oolite or individual ooids. (Submitted on April 11, 2015.) 
Categories. Industry & CommerceNatural Features
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 181 times since then and 61 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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