Fort Sill in Comanche County, Oklahoma — The American South (West South Central)
Frame mess halls, storehouses, canteens, and other facilities were erected by the Selden-Breck Construction Company of Saint Louis. The rest of the camp was a city of pyramidal tents, heated by Sibley stoves. "Jitneys" and a trolley line provided transportation to Lawton.
Infantry units of the Oklahoma National Guard, part of the 36th Division commanded by Major General Edwin St. John Greble, trained in the summer of 1917 before joining the division's Texas National Guard elements at Camp Bowie. On 13 September the 35th Division, comprising the Kansas and Missouri National Guard, and commanded by Major General William M. Wright, was activated here, Camp Doniphan was its home for the next six months.
The 50,000 men who trained here would remember with nostalgia the wind, the dust, the heat of summer, the cold of winter in canvas tents, the strenuous drills and marches, and the endless digging of trenches, dugouts, and artillery emplacements
Among noted Missourians present were 1st Lieutenant Harry S. Truman, Battery F, 129th Field Artillery, later President of the United States, and Captain Dwight F. Davis, Company L, 136th Infantry, later Secretary of War, Major General Robert M. Danford, last Chief of Field Artillery, commanded the 129th for a period here. A marker on Grierson Hill overlooks the encampment of President Truman's Company F.
In the spring of 1918, to the haunting strain of "Over There," the men of the 35th left for the battlefields of France. There, with their Comrades-in-Arms of the 36th, they fought and died in the Meuse-Argonne offensive, one of history's most decisive campaigns.
After their departure, Camp Doniphan became a field artillery brigade firing centre, commanded by Brigadier General Edmund L. Gruber, composer of the "Caisson Song." In the later years the site was used as the summer training camp for the Oklahoma National Guard.
This plaque, together with the Simpson Gun on Signal Mountain that overlooks the Camp Doniphan area, stand as lasting and grateful memorials to the host of brave soldiers who trained here in freedom's cause in World War One.
Location. 34° 40.542′ N, 98° 24.972′ W. Marker is in Fort Click for map. Located on the grounds of Fort Sill, an active U.S. military installation. Appropriate identification is required for access. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Sill OK 73503, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Quinette Crossing (approx. 1.3 miles away); Post Guardhouse (approx. 1.7 miles away); Infantry Barracks (approx. 1.7 miles away); Post Headquarters (approx. 1.8 miles away); Post Chapel (approx. 1.8 miles away); Proud American (approx. 1.9 miles away); 280mm Heavy Motorized Gun M65 (approx. 1.9 miles away); Fort Sill (approx. 2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Sill.
Categories. • War, World I •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 216 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mike Wintermantel of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.