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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Salvador, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)
 

Capitán General Gerardo Barrios

 
 
Capitán General Gerardo Barrios Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
1. Capitán General Gerardo Barrios Marker
Inscription.
A la memoria del benemerito
Capitan General Gerardo Barrios
El pueblo centroamericano
1909

[Bronze scene] Sitio de San Salvador
[Bronze seal] 15 de septiembre 1821
[Bronze scene] Coatepeque

English translation:
To the memory of the meritorious Captain General Gerardo Barrios From the Central American people
1909
[Bronze scene] Siege of San Salvador
[Bronze seal] 15th of Septiembre 1821
[Bronze scene]Coatepeque

 
Erected 1909.
 
Location. 13° 41.865′ N, 89° 11.476′ W. Marker is in San Salvador, San Salvador. Click for map. This marker and monument can be found in Barrios Park directly south of the cathedral in the Central Historical district of San Salvador.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. In Memory of the Murdered Jesuit Priests (a few steps from this marker); The National Palace of El Salvador (within shouting distance of this marker); Farmacia Principal (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Central America's First Cry of Independence (about 180 meters away); Francisco Morazán
Wide view of Capitán General Gerardo Barrios Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
2. Wide view of Capitán General Gerardo Barrios Marker
(about 180 meters away); General José Manuel Arce (about 210 meters away); El Rosario Church (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Dr. José Matías Delgado (approx. 0.4 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in San Salvador.
 
Regarding Capitán General Gerardo Barrios. Gerardo Barrios (September 24, 1813 – August 29, 1865) was born near the town of Cacahuaterique, San Miguel, El Salvador and became President of El Salvador during the period of March 12, 1859 to October 26, 1863. Barrios was a staunch liberal and supported the union of Central America. He originally fought as part of the army of the last president of the Federation of Central American States, Francisco Morazán. After the death of Morazán, he became the leader of the unionist movement. He served as president of El Salvador several times: in 1858, from 1859 to 1860 and again from 1861. He was known for his concern for international relations and introduced coffee production to El Salvador, accelerating its spread through Central America. Coffee became the basis of El Salvador's economy.

Conservatives were upset by Barrios and his leadership, claiming he was anti-clerical, despotic and
<i>Estatua del General Gerardo Barrios, San Salvador </i> image. Click for full size.
By Foto Salazar, circa 1940
3. Estatua del General Gerardo Barrios, San Salvador
Historical postcard view.
overly liberal. In 1863, after a few border skirmishes, El Salvador declared war on Guatemala, and on June 19th Guatemalan troops began invading El Salvador. On October 26, after a long siege, President Carrera of Guatemala took over San Salvador, taking full control of the city. That same year Barrios escaped to San Miguel. With Carrera's approval, Francisco Dueñas installed himself as president and then won the 1865 elections. Barrios was captured in Nicaragua on July 27 and extradited to El Salvador that same week. His court martial began on August 10, and he was sentenced to death on August 28. The execution took place the following day.

He is considered a National Hero for his attempts to liberalize the country and protect its sovereignty.
 
Additional keywords. Central America, unión
 
Categories. Notable Persons
 
Bronze relief of the Battle of Coatepeque (south side of monument). image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
4. Bronze relief of the Battle of Coatepeque (south side of monument).
Bronze relief of the Siege of San Salvador (north side of monument) image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
5. Bronze relief of the Siege of San Salvador (north side of monument)
Tomb of Gerardo Barrios in Los Ilustres Cemetery, San Salvador, El Salvador image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 11, 2015
6. Tomb of Gerardo Barrios in Los Ilustres Cemetery, San Salvador, El Salvador
Capitán General Gerardo Barrios additional markers image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
7. Capitán General Gerardo Barrios additional markers
These markers on the base of the statue read (translated into English):

To the remarkable Captain General Gerardo Barrios, Hero of El Salvador, On completing the two hundredth anniversary of his birth on September 24, 2013. Tribute from the Armed Forces recognizing the immortality of his ideals and his struggle for Central American Union, social justice and the progress of El Salvador. David Mungia Payes, Division General, Minister of National Defense

Tribute to the memory of the Captain Gral. Gerardo Barrios, One hundred years since his historic exile, School District Jose Matias Delgado, S.S. 1865-1965

To Captain General Gerardo Barrios, Symbol of heroism and glory, Tribute on the one hundredth anniversary of his death, 1865-1965, Gerardo Barrios Committee
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 231 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   3. submitted on .   4, 5. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   6. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   7. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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