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Lacolle in Haut-Richelieu MRC, Quebec — French Canadian Region
 

Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle

The Lacolle River Blockhouse

 
 
Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 4, 2014
1. Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle Marker
Captions (English / French): (top) A model of the building in so display inside the blockhouse. / Vous trouverez une maquette du bâtiment à l’intérieur du blockhaus.; Fire Place / Foyer; Office / Bureau; Trapdoor / Trappe; Embrasures for cannons / Embrasures pour canons.; (bottom) Blockhouse circa 1930 / Blockhaus vers 1930.
Inscription. English:
The Lacolle River Blockhouse
Back in the XVIII Century …
In Canada, blockhouses first appeared in Acadia around 1750, at the time of the British conquest. The Lacolle River blockhouse, built in 1781, was part of the colony’s defence network, and served as an outpost for British soldiers on missions in the Upper-Richelieu region. It was abandoned after a peace treaty was signed on December 24, 1814, by the United States and Great Britain, and today is the only blockhouse still remaining in Québec.
Defence outpost

The word “blockhouse” is derived from the German “blockhaus”, meaning house that blocks the way. It served primarily as a rapid defence mechanism for strategic sites. This building has two stories, the second of which is corbelled. The walls have musket loops and, on the upper floor, embrasures for cannons. It was, however, built of wood, a material that was cheap and readily available on the site. The result was a high risk of fire and vey poor resistance to artillery attacks.

French:
Le Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle
Dès le XVIIIᵉ siècle …
Au Canada, les blockhaus firent leur apparition en Acadie vers 1750, à l’époque de sa conquête par l’armée britannique. Construit en 1781, le Blockhaus de
Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 4, 2014
2. Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle Marker
la Rivière-Lacolle fait partie du réseau de défense de la colonie et sert d’avant-poste aux soldats britanniques en missions dans le Haute-Richelieu. Abandonné après un traite de paix signe le 24 décembre 1814 entre les États-Unis et le Grande-Bretagne, c’est le seul blockhaus encore debout aujourd’hui au Québec.

Poste de défense
De langue allemande, le mot «blockhaus» signifie maison qui bloque le passage. Il servait avant tout à la defense rapide de lieux stratégiques. Ce bâtiment compte deux niveaux dont le second est en encorbellement. Les murs sont percés de meurtrières et, à l’étage, d’embrasures pour les canons. Sa construction en bois, un matériau bon marché déjà sur place, présentait toutefois un fort danger d’incendie et peu de résistance au tir d’artillerie
 
Erected by Municipalité de Saint-Paul-de l’Île-aux-Noix & Ministère de la Culture et des Communications.
 
Location. 45° 4.166′ N, 73° 20.537′ W. Marker is in Lacolle, Quebec, in Haut-Richelieu MRC. Marker is on Montée Bowman just from Rue Principale (Quebec Route 223). Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Montée Bowman, Lacolle, Quebec J0J 1J0, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Blockhaus de la Rivière-Lacolle
The Lacolle River Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 4, 2014
3. The Lacolle River Blockhouse
(a few steps from this marker); Bataille du Moulin de Lacolle / Battle of the Lacolle Mill (about 240 meters away, measured in a direct line); La Bataille d’Odelltown / Battle of Odelltown (approx. 4.6 kilometers away); Fort Montgomery (approx. 7.8 kilometers away in the U.S.); The Royal Navy (approx. 8.1 kilometers away); Fort Lennox (approx. 8.3 kilometers away); Chantier Naval de Île-aux-Noix (approx. 8.6 kilometers away); Site of First School House (approx. 9.8 kilometers away in the U.S.). Click for a list of all markers in Lacolle.
 
More about this marker. This marker is near the parking lot.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesWar of 1812
 
Model of the Lacolle River Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 4, 2014
4. Model of the Lacolle River Blockhouse
Diorama of the Battle of Lacolle Mill image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 4, 2014
5. Diorama of the Battle of Lacolle Mill
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 225 times since then and 11 times this year. Last updated on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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