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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Chickamauga in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Glass's Mill Battle Site

Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail

 
 
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
1. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
Inscription. Glass's Mill was a multi-story frame structure that stood on the southeastern bank of West Chickamauga Creek about two miles from Crawfish Spring, providing the grain grinding needs for a number of families living in the surrounding area. Glass's Mill ford located a short distance downstream from the mill, was one of the major crossing places on the creek, and the road was heavily traveled.

"At daylight of the 18th," Confederate division commander Major-General John C. Breckinridge, in D. H. Hill's Corps, wrote, "my command moved from Catlett's Gap and that neighborhood in the Pigeon Mountain, and the same afternoon took position on the east bank of the Chickamauga, near Glass's Mill."

On the west side of the creek, at 2:00 A.M. on September 19th General Beatty's Brigade relieved Colonel Grose. At daylight the skirmishers of Helm's Brigade of Breckinridge's Division advanced from Glass's Mill and engaged the skirmishers of Beatty's Brigade midway between the lines. Soon after five pieces of Cobb's and next four pieces of Slocomb's Battery of that brigade, supported by his infantry, took position on the west side of the creek near the mill. The batteries opened fire and were responded to by Bridges' Battery this line, soon reinforced by three pieces from Battery M, 1st Ohio, of Stanley's Brigade of Negley's Division.
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
2. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of the Glass's Mill on West Chickamauga Creek.
The fighting was confined to the batteries and the skirmishers, and continued about three hours, when Helm's Brigade was withdrawn to the east bank of the creek and marched towards the Confederate right. About 5 o'clock p.m. Beatty's Brigade was withdrawn to Crawfish Spring to join the rest of Negley's Division.

There was some brief activity near Glass's Mill on the following day, September 20. General George Crook, with the Cavalry Corps, reported that: "At this point [Crawfish Spring] I found General Mitchell, who ordered me to take post at once in front of the fords of the Chickamauga and to hold that point at all hazards. The only point I could occupy was a thick, rocky woods with heavy underbrush. The enemy were already across the river occupying a very strong position. About 11 o'clock I was attacked by Hindman's Division of infantry, a battalion of sharpshooters, and a large body of cavalry. They drove us back steadily, contesting every inch of ground, about 200 yards, where we held our ground. At this time I received an order from General Mitchell to fall back to the hospital, 1 miles distant."

Glass's Mill continued to function for many years. When Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park was created in 1890, the veterans identified the road from Crawfish Spring to Glass's Mill as one of the important approaches to the battlefield. The Park
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
3. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a map made by Colonel William E. Merrill, Chief Engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, that shows the location of the Glass's Mill.
Commission purchased the right-of-way of the road, maintained it, and erected one or more cast-iron tablets to commemorate the role of the forces engaged at Glass's Mill. At some point, probably in the 1930's, ownership and control of the approach road was returned to Walker County.

Please visit our website at:
http://www.ChickamaugaCampaign.org

 
Erected by Bank of Chickamauga.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail marker series.
 
Location. 34° 51.234′ N, 85° 16.455′ W. Marker is near Chickamauga, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is on Glass Mill Road north of Bethel Road, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. The marker is located south of the community of Chickamauga, on a rural country road, a short distance northwest of the roadway bridge over West Chickamauga Creek, adjacent to another marker that also features the Glass's Mill Battle Site. Marker is in this post office area: Chickamauga GA 30707, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Glass's Mill Battle Site (here, next to this marker); Henderson Plantation (approx. 1.1 miles away); Crittenden Avenue
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
4. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of the Glass's Mill Battle site.
(approx. 1.4 miles away); Hood Avenue (approx. 1.4 miles away); Boynton Avenue (approx. 1.5 miles away); Clarissa Hunt Plantation (approx. 1.5 miles away); Longstreet Avenue (approx. 1.5 miles away); Bragg Avenue (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chickamauga.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
5. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
View of the featured marker, on the right, along with the other Glass's Mill historical marker, seen on the left.
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
6. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
View of the featured marker, looking east along the roadway, in the direction of the LaFayette Highway. In the background is a view of the roadway bridge over West Chickamauga Creek.
Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 19, 2014
7. Glass's Mill Battle Site Marker
View of the featured marker, looking west along the roadway, in the direction of Crawfish Springs (present day Chickamauga, Georgia).
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 282 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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