Near Picacho in Pinal County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail / Camp 21: El Aquituni
National Historic Trail
The viceroy of New Spain then authorized Anza to lead a 1775-76 expedition to settle the port of San Francisco. Volunteer soldier-settlers came from as far south as Culiacán. Livestock, equipment, supplies, and expedition members were gathered at Horcasitas and finally at Tubac. From there, they would travel 1000 miles on foot, horseback, burro and mule to their destination.
A variety of people made the trip—soldiers and their families, interpreters, priests, packers, cowboys, and cooks—as well as nearly one thousand head of livestock. At journey’s end, 198 people, over half of them children under 12, stayed to build the Presidio of San Francisco and the missions of San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores) and Santa Clara de Asís.
With others using the trail established by Anza, they helped begin
Anza noted that the long journey to the Gila was necessary "for lack of water, any of which is found only by rare accident. Nevertheless, no dissatisfaction whatever has been shown by the people who have made the march, and this is a thing to marvel at, especially in the women and children, and their patience under the hardships is an indication of the contentment with which they are accepting their lot."
Erected by The Juan Bautista de Anza Historic National Trail Association
Marker series. This marker is included in the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail marker series.
Location. 32° 38.847′ N, 111° 25.754′ W. Marker is near Picacho, Arizona, in Pinal County. Click for map. Marker is located in the Picacho Peak State Park, off I-10, north of Tucson. Marker is in this post office area: Picacho AZ 85141, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Memorial to the 1st California Cavalry Volunteers (approx. 1.7 miles away); Battle at Picacho (approx. 1.7 miles away); Mormon Battalion Trail (approx. 1.7 miles away); Red Rock Post Office (approx. 7.3 miles away); Stage Station and Homestead (approx. 12.2 miles away).
Also see . . . A KTEH TV Production of the DeAnza Trail on YouTube. In this video the viewer learns the history and purpose of the DeAnza Expedition, the heritage of descendants of expedition members, and current sites along the trail. (Submitted on December 12, 2010.)
Categories. • Exploration • Hispanic Americans • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,090 times since then and 15 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.