“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tucson in Pima County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)

Fort Lowell

Fort Lowell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, January 1, 2010
1. Fort Lowell Marker
Inscription. The military post, established in 1862 near downtown Tucson, was moved to this location in 1873. One of many active forts on the Arizona frontier, Lowell served also as a major supply depot, influencing the economy and social life of the community. At its peak in the 1880's, three companies of infantry and two troops of cavalry - more than 250 officers and soldiers - were stationed here. The need for Fort Lowell steadily declined after Geronimo's surrender in 1886 and, despite local protest, it was closed by the army in 1891.

Spanish Translation Marker
Fuerte de Lowell
El fuerte militar, establecido cerca del centro de Tucsón en 1862, se trasladó a este sitio en 1873. Uno de los fuertes más activos en la frontera de Arizona, servía también de almacén militar mayor, contribuyendo a la vida social y económica de la comunidad. Entre 1880 y 1890, al colmo de su importancia, tenía tres compañías de infantería y dos de caballería – 250 oficiales y soldados. Después del rendimiento de Gerónimo en 1886, Lowell hacía menos falta. A pesar de quejas locales, el ejército lo cerró en 1891.
Erected by Tucson - Pima County Historical Commission and Arizona Historical Society.
Location. 32° 
Fuerte De Lowell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, January 1, 2010
2. Fuerte De Lowell Marker
Spanish translation of marker text.
15.594′ N, 110° 52.406′ W. Marker is in Tucson, Arizona, in Pima County. Marker can be reached from North Craycroft Road near East Glenn Street. Click for map. The Marker is inside Fort Lowell Park at the east end of the Cottonwood Lane. Fort Lowell is on North Craycroft Road just north of Glenn Street. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2900 North Craycroft Road, Tucson AZ 85712, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cottonwood Lane (here, next to this marker); Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Lowell (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Rugged Pioneer Soldiers (about 600 feet away); Chapel of San Pedro at Fort Lowell (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hacienda Moltacqua (approx. 2.1 miles away); Cattle Tank (approx. 2.2 miles away); Who Lived Here? (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tucson.
Also see . . .  Fort Lowell. Tucson was a small dusty town, and among the enterprising inhabitants were some fairly rough characters such as miners, other seekers after fortunes, prostitutes, and camp followers. There was disorder and drunkenness. The commanding officer, Captain W. Henry Brown, despaired of keeping discipline among the soldiers because
Cottonwood Lane at Fort Lowell image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, January 1, 2010
3. Cottonwood Lane at Fort Lowell
Fort Lowell Marker is just to left of lane by the parking lot.
Marker seen in photo is a marker commemorating Cottonwood Lane.
of the temptations of the town. The situation distressed General George Crook and he sent out a party to explore for a more salutary site.
(Submitted on January 4, 2010.) 
Additional comments.
1. Fort Lowell (1860 - 1891)
The Spanish established a Presidio (fortified camp} in Tucson about 1776 and remained until 1829. Mexican soldiers garrisoned the walled town until General Philip Cooke's Mormon Battalion arrived in 1846; after negotiations, the Mexicans departed. In 1860 the Camp Tucson was established on the present site of the Armory Park in Tucson. The fort was evacuated at the outbreak of the Civil War. The Confederate constitutional convention declared this section of Arizona no longer a part of the US in March 1861. Confederate forces made this Camp their headquarters once they occupied Tucson. Tucson returned to Union control when the California Volunteers pitched camp on the east side of town a year later.

Post was too weak to be continued and was abandoned on September 15, 1864. The post was relocated at the Military Plaza and as renamed Camp Lowell in honor of Brig. Gen. Charls R. Lowell of the 6th Calvary, who was killed at Cedar Creek, Virginia during the Civil War. Renamed Fort Lowell, April 5, 1879. The camp was repositioned
Fort Lowell Officer's Quarters image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, January 1, 2010
4. Fort Lowell Officer's Quarters
This building now houses the Fort Lowell Museum. The marker is at the far end of the Cottonwood trees on the left.
and improved. It became a major supply depot for troops in southern Arizona during many Indian actions, including the Geronimo Campaign. On April 5, 1891 the Fort was abandoned despite outcries by local Tucsonians who desired to maintain the post for its economic status. The rebuilt officers' quarters now contain a museum.
    — Submitted January 4, 2010.

Categories. Forts, CastlesWar, US CivilWars, US Indian
Original Ground Plan of Fort Lowell in 1873 image. Click for full size.
Historic American Buildings Survey (LOC)
5. Original Ground Plan of Fort Lowell in 1873
Library of Congress, Prints and Photograph Division
Building/structure dates: 1874 initial construction
Building/structure dates: 1882 subsequent work
Building/structure dates: 1885 subsequent work
Click on photo for better viewing.
Fort Lowell Officers Quarters image. Click for more information.
By Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer, circa 1938
6. Fort Lowell Officers Quarters
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Click for more information.
Ruins of Post Hospital image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner
7. Ruins of Post Hospital
The nearby Veterans Memorial Marker is seen in the foreground.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 1,675 times since then and 122 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.   5, 6. submitted on .   7. submitted on , by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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