Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
—Hood's Campaign —
(Preface): In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood let the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the Sea," Hood moved north into Tennessee. Gen. John M. Schofield, detached from Sherman's army, delayed Hood at Columbia and Spring Hill before falling back to Franklin. The bloodbath here on November 30 crippled the Confederates, but they followed Schofield to the outskirts of Nashville and Union Gen. George H. Thomas's strong defenses. Hood's campaign ended when Thomas crushed his army on December 15-16.
Some of the fiercest fighting during the Battle of Franklin occurred near this house, which German immigrant Johann A. Lotz built in 1858. Concerned that his wood-framed dwelling might be destroyed in the impending battle, Lotz, his wife, Margaret, and their three children took refuge in the cellar of the nearby Carter House.
When the battle erupted just before sundown on November 30, 1864, Federal troops were all around the house. The 175th Ohio Infantry, a newly recruited regiment, took up a position east of Columbia Pike just south of here near the 12th and 16th Kentucky Infantry.
Col. Emerson Opdycke's brigade soon arrived immediately north of the
"The cannon thundered, the shell shrieked, the smoke rolled, the earth seemed to tremble, and the heroic, reckless, desperate enemy surged, and surged, and SURGED again and again, right up to our line, and recoiled as often, recoiling last before the merciless tempest of death." A History of the Seventy-Third Regiment of Illinois Infantry Volunteers (1890)
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 55.072′ N, 86° 52.375′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker is on Columbia Avenue. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1111 Columbia Avenue, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Lotz House (here, next to this marker); Epicenter of the Battle of Franklin (within shouting distance of this marker); Opdycke's Bridgade (within shouting distance of this marker); Carter House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Carter's Cotton Gin (approx. 0.2 miles away); Carter Gin House (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Cotton Gin Assault (approx. 0.2 miles away); Natchez Street Community (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Franklin.
Also see . . . John Lotz. The Lotz House Civil War Museum's biography of John Lotz. (Submitted on May 12, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 356 times since then and 10 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.