Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Sheffield in Colbert County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

History of Sheffield

 
 
History of Sheffield Marker (Side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 6, 2010
1. History of Sheffield Marker (Side 1)
Inscription.
Side A
Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago.
Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels.
In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. The town of York Bluff was laid out in 1820 and Andrew Jackson bought land for a plantation. A few houses and a store were built but that "town" dwindled away. In 1832, the first railroad in the state terminated at Tuscumbia Landing near Spring Creek. Large bands of Cherokees and Creeks left there on the Trail of Tears during the forced Indian Removal of the 1830s.
During the Civil War, opposing armies often marched through the area and the river bridge was burned. In 1883, Alfred Moses and Walter Gordon purchased 2,700 acres of land and created the Sheffield Land, Iron, and Coal company to hold a land sale and build an industrial city. The city, named in honor of Sheffield, England, was incorporated in 1885, with Moses as mayor. Five blast furnaces were erected on Furnace Hill and operated until 1926.
(Continued on other side)

Side B
(Continued from other side)
Sheffield became a railroad center with lines running in four directions and the Southern Railroad shops provided many jobs.
Electric streetcars (1904-1933) connected Sheffield to
History of Sheffield Marker (side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 6, 2010
2. History of Sheffield Marker (side 2)
Tuscumbia and Florence. In 1918, the U.S. Army built two big nitrate plants near the city and began construction of Wilson Dam. President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited these properties in 1933 and 1934. Then the Tennessee Valley Authority began using them for power production, fertilizer research, and production of munitions. Reynolds Metals produced aluminum for national defense (1941-1945). The bell-shaped Village One, built in 1918 as part of U.S. Nitrate Plant No. 1, was annexed in 1950. Local studios, including Music Shoals Sound at 3614 Jackson Highway, produced hit records by well-known artists during the 1960s and 1970s. Many of Sheffield's historic homes, buildings and sites are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The city's rich history is complemented by its high river bluffs, standpipe, champion walnut trees and open green spaces.
 
Erected 2010 by Erected By The Alabama Tourism Department And The City of Sheffield.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
 
Location. 34° 45.664′ N, 87° 41.912′ W. Marker is in Sheffield, Alabama, in Colbert County. Marker is on N. Montgomery Avenue near W 3rd St and N. Montgomery Avenue. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sheffield AL 35660, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
History of Sheffield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 6, 2010
3. History of Sheffield Marker
At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Percy Sledge/Producer Quin Ivy (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Singing River Sculpture (about 600 feet away); President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (approx. 0.2 miles away); Furnace Hill (approx. 0.6 miles away); Sheffield Colored School/Sterling High School (approx. 0.6 miles away); Winston Cemetery (approx. 1.2 miles away); Village One (approx. 1.5 miles away); William Winston Home (approx. 1.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Sheffield.
 
Also see . . .  Biography of Alfred Huger Moses, Industrial Visionary. On the American Jewish Historical Society web site. (Submitted on September 21, 2010, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceNative AmericansRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & Settlers
 
Montgomery Avenue Sheffield image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 6, 2010
4. Montgomery Avenue Sheffield
Bluffs of Sheffield overlooking the Tennessee River image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, November 27, 2009
5. Bluffs of Sheffield overlooking the Tennessee River
Ritz Theater Sheffield image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, November 27, 2009
6. Ritz Theater Sheffield
A 1920's silent movie theater that has been restored and is home to the Center Stage Community Theater. Located at 103 W 3rd St in Sheffield, Al
Municipal Building Sheffield image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 7, 2009
7. Municipal Building Sheffield
N. Montgomery Avenue Sheffield image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 7, 2009
8. N. Montgomery Avenue Sheffield
Sheffield Water Tower (Standpipe) image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, November 27, 2009
9. Sheffield Water Tower (Standpipe)
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 1,780 times since then and 7 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.   9. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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