Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Salvador, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)
 

Francisco Morazán

 
 
Francisco Morazán Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
1. Francisco Morazán Marker
Inscription.
[First marker]
A la gloria del benemérito
General Francisco Morazan
La Republica de El Salvador
1880

[Second marker]
José Miguel Saravia ∙ Trinidad Cabañas ∙ Enrique Rivas ∙ Indalecio Cordero ∙ Nicolas Angulo ∙ Gerardo Barrios ∙ Agustin Guzman ∙ Domingo Asturias ∙ Carlos Salazar

[Third marker]
A la comision de los conspirados de San Salvador.
Los rehenes que mis enemigos tienen
Son objetos muy caros a mi corazon
Soy el jefe de la nacion y mi deber es atacar,
Pasaré sobre los cadaveres de mi familia.
Escarmentare a los rebeldes.
Y no sobreviveré un solo instante mas
A tan escandaloso atentado.

[Fourth marker]
La Trinidad Noviembre 10 de 1827 ∙ Gualcho Julio 6 de 1828 ∙ San Antonio Octubre 9 de 1828 ∙ Mixco Febrero 18 de 1829 ∙ San Miguelito Marzo 6 de 1829 ∙ Las Charcas Marzo 15 de 1829 ∙ Guatemala Abril 12 de 1829 ∙ Jocoro Marzo 28 de 1832 ∙ San Salvador Marzo 28 de 1832 ∙ San Salvador Junio 23 de 1834 ∙ Las Lomas Marzo 28 de 1839 ∙ El Espiritu Santo Abril 6 de 1839 ∙ San Pedro Perulapan Setiembre 25 de 1839 ∙ Guatemala Marzo 19 de 1840 ∙ San Jose de Costa Rica Setiembre 15 de 1842

Wide view of the Francisco Morazán Marker and Monument image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
2. Wide view of the Francisco Morazán Marker and Monument
The monument was created by the Italian F. A. Durini.
[Sixth marker]
Lego mis restos al pueblo salvadoreño, en prueba de mi predileccion y de mi reconocimiento por su valor y sacrificio en defensa de la libertad y de la union nacional. Declaro que mi amor a centro america muere conmigo. Excito a la juventud que es llamada a dar vida a este pais que dejo con sentimiento por quedar anarquizado, y deseo que imiten mi ejemplo de morir con firmeza antes que dejarlo abandonado al desorden en que desgraciadamente hoy se encuentra. Primero es la patria que la familia.

[Seventh marker]
Las escuelas normales de El Salvador, Homenaje al Gral. Francisco Morazan en el 1er centenario de su muerte, 15 de Sept. de 1942

[Bronze reliefs]
[Escudo de Centro America] 15 de septiembre de 1821
San Pedro Perulapan 25 de Setiembre 1839
Las Charcas 15 de Marzo 1829
Espiritu Santo 6 de Abril 1839
[Missing bronze relief]El Gualcho

English translation:

[First marker]
To the glory of the most worthy General Francisco Morazan
The Republic of El Salvador
1880

[Second marker]
José Miguel Saravia ∙ Trinidad Cabañas ∙ Enrique Rivas ∙ Indalecio Cordero ∙ Nicolas Angulo ∙ Gerardo Barrios ∙ Agustin Guzman ∙ Domingo Asturias ∙ Carlos Salazar

[Third marker]
To the commission of
Francisco Morazán Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, May 19, 2016
3. Francisco Morazán Marker
the conspirators of San Salvador: The hostages that my enemies hold are objects very dear to my heart, but I am the Chief of the Nation and my duty is to attack. I will pass over the bodies of my family and will teach the rebels the error of their ways and I won’t live one instant more this most scandalous incident.

[Fourth marker]
La Trinidad Noviembre 10 de 1827 ∙ Gualcho Julio 6 de 1828 ∙ San Antonio Octubre 9 de 1828 ∙ Mixco Febrero 18 de 1829 ∙ San Miguelito Marzo 6 de 1829 ∙ Las Charcas Marzo 15 de 1829 ∙ Guatemala Abril 12 de 1829 ∙ Jocoro Marzo 28 de 1832 ∙ San Salvador Marzo 28 de 1832 ∙ San Salvador Junio 23 de 1834 ∙ Las Lomas Marzo 28 de 1839 ∙ El Espiritu Santo Abril 6 de 1839 ∙ San Pedro Perulapan Setiembre 25 de 1839 ∙ Guatemala Marzo 19 de 1840 ∙ San Jose de Costa Rica Setiembre 15 de 1842

[Sixth marker]
I leave my remains to the Salvadoran people, as proof of my first thoughts and in recognition of your bravery and sacrifice in defense of liberty and national union. My love of Central America dies with me. I call to the youth of today that are ready to give life to this country that I fear I leave in a state of anarchy, and I desire that you follow my example of dying with firmness before abandoning her to the disorder that she unfortunately finds
Bronze relief of the Battle of Las Charcas image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
4. Bronze relief of the Battle of Las Charcas
herself in now. The country should come before the family.

[Seventh marker]
The teachers’ schools of El Salvador, In tribute to General Francisco Morazan in the 1st Century since his death, September 15, 1942

[Bronze reliefs]
[Seal of Central America] September 15, 1821
San Pedro Perulapan September 25, 1839
Las Charcas March 15, 1829
Espiritu Santo April 6, 1839
[Missing bronze relief]El Gualcho

 
Erected 1880.
 
Location. 13° 41.958′ N, 89° 11.425′ W. Marker is in San Salvador, San Salvador. Click for map. This marker and monument are in the park of the same name, north of the Teatro Nacional.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Farmacia Principal (within shouting distance of this marker); In Memory of the Murdered Jesuit Priests (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Capitán General Gerardo Barrios (about 180 meters away); Dr. José Matías Delgado (about 210 meters away); The National Palace of El Salvador (about 210 meters away); Central America's First Cry of Independence (about 240 meters away); El Rosario Church (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); General José Manuel Arce (approx. 0.3 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in San Salvador.
 
Regarding Francisco Morazán.
Bronze relief of the Battle of San Pedro Perulapan image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
5. Bronze relief of the Battle of San Pedro Perulapan
Francisco Morazán (born October 3, 1792) was one of the greatest Central American post-independence leaders. He attempted to maintain the Central American Federation until eventually being exiled to Costa Rica in 1842 and later executed there on September 15, fatefully the anniversary of independence from Spain. This monument is the oldest monument in El Salvador and gives many details of his struggles to advance his liberal ideals in the conservative political world that existed at the time. The monument gives a list of his battles, but also a list of friends and associates that accompanied him in exile to Costa Rica. Two of his greatest quotes are also shown, one indicating his unwillingness to negotiate with rebels that held his family hostage. The second quote is a call to the youth of his time to continue his struggle. He also famously desired to be buried in El Salvador, a wish that was fulfilled as he is buried in the Los Ilustres Cemetery of San Salvador.
 
Categories. Notable Persons
 
Bronze relief of the Battle of Espiritu Santo image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
6. Bronze relief of the Battle of Espiritu Santo
Francisco Morazán monument image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 21, 2015
7. Francisco Morazán monument
Seen from the north looking south towards the Teatro Nacional.
Tomb of Francisco Morazán in Los Ilustres Cemetery, San Salvador, El Salvador. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, November 11, 2015
8. Tomb of Francisco Morazán in Los Ilustres Cemetery, San Salvador, El Salvador.
Unfortunately the bronze plates around the base of the tomb have had to be protected from theft by large metal bars.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 253 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   3. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   8. submitted on , by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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