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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Nipton in San Bernardino County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Western Expansion

 
 
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
1. Western Expansion Marker
Inscription. In 1776, while Spain was establishing missions in California, Father Garces became in the first known Europe to travel along Indian trails here. Mojave Indians helped guide Garces west to the San Gabriel Mission. In 1826, famed trapper and explorer Jedediah Smith crossed the desert, followed by other trappers and settlers. The discovery of gold in eastern California, Nevada and Arizona in the mid 1800s led to the development of wagon routes across the desert and changed this area forever.
 
Location. 35° 26.144′ N, 115° 42.089′ W. Marker is in Nipton, California, in San Bernardino County. Marker is on South Interstate 15, on the right. Click for map. Located on the Southbound of Interstate 15 of Valley Wells rest stop. Marker is at or near this postal address: South Interstate 15, Nipton CA 92364, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Who Has Lived Here? (here, next to this marker); Movement in the Desert (here, next to this marker); Ranching and Mining (a few steps from this marker); Railroads Revolutionize Transportation (a few steps from this marker); Valley Wells (within shouting distance of this marker but has been reported missing).
 
Categories. ExplorationRoads & Vehicles
 
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
2. Western Expansion Marker
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
3. Western Expansion Marker
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
4. Western Expansion Marker
Map drawn from Father Garces' diary of his journey across the Mojave Desert.
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
5. Western Expansion Marker
The Old Spanish Trail, a major trade route between Los Angeles and Santa Fe, followed near the route of Interstate 15 between here and Los Angeles. Many other short-haul routes developed after the turn of the last century. This stagecoach traveled Nipton, California and Searchlight, Nevada.
Western Expansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, May 18, 2015
6. Western Expansion Marker
Would camels work as pack animals in western deserts? In 1857, they were put to the test during a survey for a wagon road from New Mexico to the Colorado River. Edward F. Beale, who led the camel expedition, found them to be superior to other pack animals, but the teamsters who handled the animals thought they were aggressive and caused horses and mules to panic. With Civil War politics intervening, the camel project soon ended.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 248 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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