Chantilly in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Walney Dairy
The Role of the Dairy at 19th Century Walney
The Civil War, however, changed life at Walney. The land was severely damaged by occupying Confederate and Union armies. After the War, money was scarce, machinery expensive and reliable farm workers were hard to find. It also was difficult for James Machen to compete with inexpensive grain coming from midwestern farms. All of Fairfax County struggled to survive.
James borrowed money from his brother and shifted farm operations from growing mixed grain crops and raising livestock to running dairy cattle. Dairying was a steady cash income — an improvement over seasonal income from grain and beef sales. By 1873 James had 35 cows producing 125 gallons of milk a month, and his customers were no longer his neighbors. Lucrative Washington and Alexandria markets were only 25 miles away. In 1881, James enlarged his dairy to the size you see today and was producing cheese and up to 3,000 pounds of butter a year.
Springhouse versus Dairy: A springhouse is a passive structure where people stored milk and
Erected by Ellanor C. Lawrence Park, Fairfax County Park Authority.
Location. 38° 51.678′ N, 77° 25.88′ W. Marker is in Chantilly, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker can be reached from Walney Road. Click for map. Marker is located in Ellanor C. Lawrence Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5040 Walney Road, Chantilly VA 20151, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named The Walney Dairy (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named The Walney Dairy (a few steps from this marker); Walney House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Walney Outbuildings (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Walney Outbuildings (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Walney Outbuildings (about 400 feet away); The Cross Farmhouse (approx. half a mile away); On This Site (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chantilly.
More about this marker. The marker features two
Also see . . . Ellanor C. Lawrence Park. (Submitted on June 16, 2008.)
Categories. • Agriculture •
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 856 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on . • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.