“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)


Suburban neighborhoods south of Birmingham

South Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 17, 2013
1. South Marker
Inscription. At the turn of the last century, Birmingham residents seeking home ownership and escape from the smoke, congestion, and unhealthy living conditions of an industrial city, began moving south. New streetcar lines encouraged the move “over the mountain.” By the 1920s, the rise of the automobile’s popularity made possible more distant and exclusive residential communities.

South view from Red Mountain

1. Mountain Brook
Developer Robert Jemison Jr. and landscape architect Warren H. Manning planned Mountain Brook to appear to have grown up naturally over time. Manning’s plan called for nature preserves, roads and lots that followed the terrain’s contours, sandstone gates and bridges, and a quaint, Tudor-style shopping center, Mountain Brook Village.

2. Hollywood
In 1924, developer Clyde Nelson and architect George P. Turner created the Hollywood neighborhood, known for its Spanish Colonial Revival and English Tudor homes. Nelson enticed Birmingham residents to move to the neighborhood with the slogan “Out of the smoke zone and into the Ozone.” The City of Homewood annexed Hollywood in 1929.

3. Homewood
Throughout the 1800s, the area south of Red Mountain that became Homewood was mostly farmland. In the decades after Birmingham’s founding,
South Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 17, 2013
2. South Marker
investors transformed the area into the site of several residential suburbs. Three of those – Rosedale, Edgewood, and Grove Park – merged to form the city of Homewood in 1927.

4. Rosedale
Residents began purchasing small tracts of land in Rosedale, one of the Birmingham area’s oldest primarily African American communities, as early as 1889. About a third of early Rosedale residents were laborers while others were among the area’s first African American professionals and business owners.

5. Vestavia Hills
In 1924, a former Birmingham mayor George B. Ward built his lavish estate – named Vestavia after the Temple of Vesta in Rome - on the crest of Shade Mountain. After Ward’s death, real estate developer Charles Byrd purchased the estate along with surrounding land and named his development Vestavia Hills. Today, the Temple of Sybil, a remnant relocated from Ward’s estate, marks the entrance into the Birmingham suburb on U.S. Highway 31.
Erected by Brice Building Company, Inc. and Macy’s Foundation.
Location. 33° 29.499′ N, 86° 47.736′ W. Marker is in Birmingham, Alabama, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South. Click for map. Located in Vulcan Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1701 Valley View Drive, Birmingham AL 35209, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Building The Park (a few steps from this marker); Birmingham District Minerals (a few steps from this marker); The Works Progress Administration (a few steps from this marker); Vulcan Statue (within shouting distance of this marker); The Lone Pine Mine (within shouting distance of this marker); Industry (within shouting distance of this marker); A New City (within shouting distance of this marker); The Iron Man: Vulcan (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Birmingham.
Also see . . .  Vulcan Park and Museum. (Submitted on October 6, 2013.)
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 65 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.   2. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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