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Near Avanos in Avanos (district), Nevşehir Province, Turkey
 

Özkonak Underground Town

Özkonak Yeralti Şehri:

 
 
Özkonak Underground Town Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
1. Özkonak Underground Town Marker
Inscription. English:
Underground towns, one of the most interesting assets among the cultural heritage of the region, are carved out of the relatively soft tufa. The main reason of existence for these town was to provide refuge during the recurring threat by the invading armies. These underground town are easily accessible from the corresponding towns above.
There are living quarters, grannaries, stables, wine cellars, shrines, all clustered around the ventilation shafts, and wells to make life easier underground.
All these were connected with a labyrinth of tunnels where strategically located large round stone slabs standing upright in special cavities in the walls could be rolled to block the passage.
In Özkonak underground town, micro tunnels were used to communicate between different floors. Similar tube passages helped defence of the roll-on gates enabling defenders to pour hot oil on the intruders.
The town was opened to visitors in 1990.
Turkish:
Kapadokya' nın en ilginç kültürel zenginliklerinden biri olan yeraltı şehirleri, yumuşak tüfün oyulmasıyla oluşturulmuştur. Bu şehirlerin yapılış amacı daha çok tehlike anında halkin geçi̇ci̇ olarak sığınmasını sağlamaktır; yeraltı
Özkonak Underground Town Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
2. Özkonak Underground Town Marker
şehirleri̇ aynı zamanda yörede bulunan hemen hemen her evle gizli geçitlerle bağlantılıdır.
Bu yeraltı yerleşim yerlerinde uzun süren olağanüstü zamanlarda kullanılmak üzere oturma bi̇rimleri̇, ahir, erzak depoları, kiliseler, şırahaneler, öğütme taşları bulunmaktadır. ayrıca yeraltı yerleşimi içinde havalandırma delikleri.katlar arasında haberleşmeyi sağlayacak sistem ve savunma amaçlı sürgü taşları vardır.
Özkonak yeraltı şehri, idiş dağı’nın kuzey yamaçlarına volkani̇k grani̇t bünyeli tüf tabakalarının oldukça yoğun olduğu yere yapılmıştır. Kaymaklı ve derinkuyu yeraltı şehirlerinden farklı olarak katlar arasında haberleşmeyi sağlayacak. çok dar ve uzun delikler bulunmaktadır. Yi̇ne diğer yeraltı şehirlerinden farklı olarak sürgü tasından sonra tünel üzeri̇ne (düşmana kızgın yağ dökmek maksadıyla delikler oyulmuştur.)
Özkonak yeraltı şehri̇ 1990 yılında ziyarete açılmıştır
 
Location. 38° 48.421′ 
Entrance to the Underground City image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
3. Entrance to the Underground City
N, 34° 50.475′ E. Marker is near Avanos, Nevşehir Province, in Avanos (district). Marker can be reached from Özkonak Yeralti Şehri Yolu, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Avanos, Nevşehir Province 50500, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 19 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Tokalı (Buckle) Church (approx. 18.5 kilometers away); Nunnery and Monastery (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Chapel of St. Catherine (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Çarıklı (Sandals) Church (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Elmalı (Apple) Church (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Karanlık (Dark) Church (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Larder/Kitchen/Refectory (approx. 18.7 kilometers away); Chapel of St. Basil (approx. 18.7 kilometers away).
 
More about this marker. The Özkonak Underground City is located in the village of Özkonak, about 15 km north of Avanos.
 
Also see . . .  Cappadocia underground cities - Cappadocia Turkey.net. Ozkonak town of Nevsehir city which 14 km northeast of Avanos is located on the northern slopes of the Idis Mountain, there are supernormal underground structure of Ozkonak underground city. There is only a single main passage, and the whole city is built along
Özkonak Underground City image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
4. Özkonak Underground City
it by cut volcanic granite.
(Submitted on June 3, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
 
Özkonak Underground City image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
5. Özkonak Underground City
'Millstone' door image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
6. 'Millstone' door
Ventilation shaft image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 24, 2015
7. Ventilation shaft
Diorama of Underground City Life image. Click for full size.
By Cappadocia Turkey.net
8. Diorama of Underground City Life
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 284 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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