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Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors

 
 
Inscription, Back of Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
1. Inscription, Back of Memorial
Inscription. (Front Inscription): Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her Colored Soldiers.

(Back Inscription):To commemorate the heroism and sacrifice of all Colored Soldiers who served in the various wars engaged in by the United States of America, that a lasting record shall be made of their unselfish devotion to duty as an inspiration to future generations, this monument is dedicated May 30, 1934.

Commissioners:
William H. Riley Jones, Chairman;
Hon. Samuel B. Hart; Charles Holland;
Hon. Samuel S. Lewis; Samuel R. Morsell;
Major R. R. Wright, Sr.; Gen. Edward Martin;
Hon. Charles A. Waters; Frank E. Baldwin

"Virtue, Liberty, and Independence"

(West Side Inscription): American Revolution, Civil War, Indian Wars.

(East Side Inscription): Spanish-American War, Philippine Insurrection, World War.
 
Erected 1934 by Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
 
Location. 39° 57.5′ N, 75° 10.307′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is at the intersection of Benjamin Franklin Parkway and 20th Street, on the right when traveling east on Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Click for map. It is
Five Soldiers and a Sailor, with the allogorical Lady Justice holding "Honor" and "Reward" image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
2. Five Soldiers and a Sailor, with the allogorical Lady Justice holding "Honor" and "Reward"
Finely detailed sculpture by J[akob] Otto Schweizer (1863-1955). Bronze figures are approx 6 feet high on a 21½ foot base.
at Logan Square. Marker is in this post office area: Philadelphia PA 19103, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Aero Memorial Pillar (within shouting distance of this marker); The City Plan of Philadelphia (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Central Library (about 400 feet away); Meriwether Lewis (about 400 feet away); General Tadeusz Kosciuszko (approx. 0.2 miles away); Frank N. Piasecki (approx. 0.2 miles away); Baldwin Locomotive Works (approx. 0.3 miles away); Civilian Public Service (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Philadelphia.
 
More about this marker. In 1927, the state of Pennsylvania appropriated fifty thousand dollars for the commission of this sculpture to recognize the patriotism of the African-American servicemen from all wars. The memorial, tucked away in a remote Fairmount Park location, was moved to its originally proposed location to Logan Square in 1994. When the bronze and granite statue was unveiled in 1934, the granddaughter of the African-American state legislator responsible for its creation pulled the drape at the dedication ceremony. When the memorial took its rightful place on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway 60 years later, the granddaughter was located for
Detail view of crests underneath plaque on rear of marker image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
3. Detail view of crests underneath plaque on rear of marker
The U.S. Army branches of the Infantry, Artillery, Engineer and Cavalry are depicted on crests underneath the plaque's text. The ribbon also includes the phrase "Virtue, Independance, Liberty, and..."
the installation ceremony - and pulled the drape once again.

On the back of the monument four allegorical female figures, representing the principles for which wars are fought, flank the bronze tablet shown in the first picture above. On the proper left of the tablet stands "War" holding a shield and wearing a helmet. Next to her stands "Liberty" carrying a torch and wearing the headdress of the Statue of Liberty. On the proper right of the tablet stands "Peace" carrying a large palm frond. Next to her stands "Plenty" holding a filled cornucopia. The monument is topped with a bronze Torch of Life surrounded by four eagles.
 
Also see . . .  Race and Remembrance: Philadelphia's All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors . . . Editor's Note: The article at this link is the JSTOR online journal archive, which requires individual purchase of the article or free access through participating libraries and institutions. (Submitted on March 31, 2008, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Navy
 
Categories. African AmericansMilitaryPatriots & PatriotismWar, Spanish-AmericanWar, US CivilWar, US RevolutionaryWar, World IWars, US Indian
 
Inscription on the front of the marker, lower half. image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
4. Inscription on the front of the marker, lower half.
“Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her Colored Soldiers”
Inscription: West Side image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
5. Inscription: West Side
American Revolution
Civil War
Indian Wars
Inscription: East Side image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
6. Inscription: East Side
Spanish American War
Phillipine Insurrection
World War
Inscription: Front of Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
7. Inscription: Front of Memorial
“Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her Colored soldiers”
Inscription: West Side image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
8. Inscription: West Side
American Revolution
Civil War
Indian Wars
Inscription: East Side image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
9. Inscription: East Side
Spanish American War
Phillipine Insurrection
World War
"All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors." image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
10. "All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors."
Logan Square, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Two of the four allegorical female figures, "Peace" and "Plenty." image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
11. Two of the four allegorical female figures, "Peace" and "Plenty."
Two of the four allegorical female figures, "War" and "Liberty." image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
12. Two of the four allegorical female figures, "War" and "Liberty."
Full view of Lady Justice and Black Soldiers Underneath Eternal Flame image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
13. Full view of Lady Justice and Black Soldiers Underneath Eternal Flame
The six soldiers appear to represent the different major branches of the Army as well as the sister services. The finial appears to combine the "torch of life", eagle, and shield.
Full view of marker rear with dedication plaque image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
14. Full view of marker rear with dedication plaque
Close up of three Black servicemen image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
15. Close up of three Black servicemen
The Black Sailor image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, March 30, 2008
16. The Black Sailor
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,859 times since then and 11 times this year. Last updated on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   3, 4. submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.   5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   8, 9. submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.   10. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey.   15, 16. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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