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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Diego in San Diego County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

First San Diego Courthouse

 
 
First San Diego Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
1. First San Diego Courthouse Marker
Inscription.
1847 First fire-brick structure in San Diego. Constructed by Mormon Battalion.

1849 Headquarters of the U.S. Boundary Commission

1850 Served as courthouse, church, school, and polling place over next two decades.

1872 Destroyed by fire.

1992 Reconstructed by First San Diego Courthouse, Inc.
 
Erected by California State Parks.
 
Location. 32° 45.248′ N, 117° 11.832′ W. Marker is in San Diego, California, in San Diego County. Click for map. In the Old Town San Diego State Historic Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4002 Wallace Street, San Diego CA 92110, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Estudillo House (within shouting distance of this marker); First Raising of U.S. Flag (within shouting distance of this marker); La Casa de Estudillo (within shouting distance of this marker); Mason Street School (within shouting distance of this marker); Juan Bandini (within shouting distance of this marker); Casa de Pedrorena de Altamirano
First San Diego Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
2. First San Diego Courthouse Marker
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Birthplace of The San Diego Union (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Birthplace of The San Diego Union (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in San Diego.
 
Categories. Man-Made FeaturesSettlements & Settlers
 
First San Diego Courthouse Museum image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
3. First San Diego Courthouse Museum
Agoston Haraszthy<br>First Sheriff of of San Diego County. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
4. Agoston Haraszthy
First Sheriff of of San Diego County.
“On April 15 1850, the newly formed County of San Diego held its first election for government offices. Hungarian immigrant Agoston Haraszthy, having just arrived in San Diego in 1849, and the Irish-born Philip Crosthwaite both ran for the office of County Sheriff. Haraszthy won with 107 votes over Crosthwaite with 47 votes. At the time of the election, the County of San Diego was 40,000 square miles and included what is now San Bernardino, Riverside and Imperial Counties, with a recorded population of nearly 800. Haraszthy served a one-year term as sheriff and left to become a legislator in the State Assembly. During his term as sheriff, he was charged with the duty of keeping the peace, executing writs and warrants, collecting county taxes, and attending all sessions of courts of record held in the county. He was also the keeper of the county jail and was responsible for the detention of all legally incarcerated persons. Haraszthy's two most notable events were his winning "high-bid" to build the first jail of cobblestones, and the Native-American uprising led by Antonio Garra which eventually led to Garra being convicted of murder and shot by a firing squad. To help him carry out the duties of his office, he named Joseph Reiner as his first deputy. Reiner was also later elected as Sheriff of San Diego County.

Agoston Haraszthy is also known by some as "The Father of California Wine", as he pioneered many varieties of grapes and wine-making processes in California. He began the Buena Vista Vineyards, which is still in operation today. He lived a very full and colorful life until his untimely death in Nicaragua, where reportedly an alligator ate him as he attempted to cross a river on his newly purchased plantation there.” -- from a sign inside the reconstructed courthouse.
Oliver S. Whitherby<br>First Distinct Court Judge of San Diego County. image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
5. Oliver S. Whitherby
First Distinct Court Judge of San Diego County.
Portrait of Judge Oliver S. Whithersby in the Reconstructed Courthouse

“The district court held its first session in this courthouse on May 6, 1850, and convened here until 1869. The California legislature elected Oliver S. Whitherby the first district court judge of San Diego County, by a joint vote, for a term of two years. At the end of this term the people were to elect the next succeeding judge. The term of office was for six years.” — from a sign inside the reconstructed courthouse.
Joshua Bean<br>Last Alcalde/First Mayor of San Diego<br>1850 — 1852 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 29, 2015
6. Joshua Bean
Last Alcalde/First Mayor of San Diego
1850 — 1852
Image on display in the reconstructed Courthouse.
“San Diego was incorporated by the California State Legislature in 1850. Bean, the last alcalde of San Diego, was elected mayor in the first election under the charter on June 16. Bean was the first U.S. mayor of San Diego and served from 1850 until 1851. While mayor, he illegally "sold" City Hall and city pueblo lands to himself and his drinking buddy Cave Couts (the City Hall was recovered).” - Wikipedia
Courthouse Jail Cell<br>1850 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, May 31, 2015
7. Courthouse Jail Cell
1850
“The iron jail cell was the size and construction of the original Courthouse jail.” — from a plaque in the reconstructed Courthouse.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 221 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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