“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Culpeper in Culpeper County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Culpeper Court House

1863–64 Winter Encampment


—Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign —

Culpeper Court House Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
1. Culpeper Court House Marker
Inscription. During the winter of 1863-64, Federal officers quartered in many of Culpeper’s homes. The surrounding landscape was dotted with tents and huts for ten square miles as nearly 100,000 soldiers encamped. Gen. U.S. Grant, commander of all Federal armies, is said to have taken a daily walk to purchase cigars at a pharmacy located in what had been the boyhood home of Confederate Gen. A.P. Hill. Before dawn on May 4, 1864, the Federal soldiers broke camp and marched for Germanna Ford, 10 miles ahead of you. This marked the last time substantial military activity occurred in the Town of Culpeper. The troops had embarked upon the last grand campaign of the war. Ironically, it was also the first campaign between the war’s premier generals: the battles of Lee vs. Grant were soon to get underway with the first confrontation at the Battle of the Wilderness on May 5-6.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 28.35′ N, 77° 59.583′ W. Marker is in Culpeper, Virginia, in Culpeper County. Marker is at the intersection of South Commerce Street and East Davis Street, on the left when traveling south on South Commerce Street
Detail of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 19, 2008
2. Detail of Map on Marker
. Click for map. Marker is at the foot of Davis Street, at the Amtrak station. Marker is in this post office area: Culpeper VA 22701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Culpeper Court House (here, next to this marker); A Tribute to Black Americans – Early 1900’s (within shouting distance of this marker); Eppa Rixey Boyhood Home (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 28th Regiment New York State Volunteer Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pennsylvania (approx. 0.2 miles away); Seventh Ohio Regiment (approx. 0.2 miles away); A.P. Hill's Boyhood Home (approx. 0.2 miles away); Second Massachusetts Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Culpeper.
Also see . . .  Grant vs. Lee: The 1864 Overland Campaign. Details of the sites indicated on the map. (Submitted on June 20, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Culpeper Court House Markers image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
3. Culpeper Court House Markers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,105 times since then and 121 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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