“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Aksu in Aksu (district), Antalya Province, Turkey


Perge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 26, 2015
1. Perge Marker
Inscription. The first dig at Perge had been made by Ord.Prof.Dr.Arlf Müfit Mansel and his team under his leadership in the year of 1946. Between the years of 1975-1986, the digs were made under the leadership of Prof.Dr.Jale Inan. During the digs the remains of formal buildings and many sculptures which had been made by people of Perge were found out. In the year of 1988, Prof.Dr.HaIuk Abbasoğlu became the head of the diggings and they began to dig for houses to understand social life of people and their life style. In the meantime, a common Project with Giessen University-Germany also started in Acropol to discover life in Perge before Roman times. Our knowledge is limited by Roman and Greek Ages about the foundation and development of the City. Archeologıc(al) discoveries go back up to 5th Century B.C.. According to Strabon sic, the City was established by colonists from Argos in leadership of the hero(e)s like Mopsos, Kakhas after the Troia War. These men called the region as "Pamphylia - The Country of all tribes". In fact, basements which were found in front of the door of Hellenistic Period but belonging to the age of Roman Empire confirm Strabon.

However, in the year of 1986, on a bronze tablet which was found at Hattusas, capital City of Hittites, name of the City was written, indicating presence of Perge before Akhas
Perge Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, April 26, 2015
2. Perge Marker
This marker is on the right.
in 13th Century B.C.. In order to illuminate the period of Perge before Parha and Roma times, diggings were made in Acropol and some ceramic, stone tools and other buried pieces were found. Depending on those findings we can say that, Perge had been established long ago in Early Bronze Era (4 -3 Thousand B.C..) Because of the Ktistes names and finds of a limited number of ceramic pieces in Acropolis, we can think that there was a relationship with Mikens in 12th Century B.C.

A Greek Colonization were established probably by Rhodos in the beginning of 7th Century B.C.. New comers met traditional people who settled there and mixed with them in time, causing development of a new culture. In this period the City was settled on the hill called Acropolis. Buildings were belong to a very wide period from Arcaic Era to Early Byzantian period; from the ways for climbing up to Acropolis and from the defensing walls at south side of the hill, we understand that the City was autonomous under partial effect of Greek Culture. After the 5th Century B.C., Perge turned to be Hellen. In the Hellenistic and brilliant period of Perge, below city of Late Hellenistic-Roman Period was probably be established starting from hill sides over to the plain. Comparing with Acropolis, because of their defense techniques, this place represents later period.

After the death of Alexander, the Great, Pamphylia remained under the sovereignty of Antigonos for a while and then between the years of 223-188 B.C., it was governed by Seleukoses so the walls of the Below City were built in their period. For reason that Pax Romana provided a continuous peace, they did not need defense systems any more and the City began to develop to the South regions in 1st Century A.D. As a result of donations of a very rich woman Plancia Manga, the City became very beautiful at the beginning of 2nd Century A.D.. The City had a magnificent period of Roman Empire between the 2nd and the 3rd Centuries A.D. Most of the structures of the City remained until today, for example, theatre, stadium, Agora, Baths, Foundations, Coloumned (sic) streets reflects the glory of that period.
In ancient times, the most valuable privilege that the holy places could get, was the right of immunity (asylia) which provided an absolute protection to the persons entering from the borders. Perge could get the right of immunity as a result of efforts of an envoy named Apollonius in last years of Emperor Domitianus. Apollonius probably utilized effect of Senator Marcus Plancius Varus in Rome, who belongs to Plancius Family, being the foremost family of Perge. 3rd Century A.D., was a prosperity period. In this period, title of "Neokoros - Guard of the temple" was added to the right of immunity (asylia). The City got the status of metropolis in this period.

From now on, the City used titles of "the first" or "the first in Pamphylia" on the coins. However, the title of "immunity" were not used on the coins and inscription of the City before the end of the 2nd Century AC (sic). Getting this title is celebrated by a festival named as Asyleia Augusta. One of the few people from Perge in ancient time was mathematicien Apollonios who was one of the consecutives of Eukleides and worked at lskenderiye in 3rd Century A.D. He is known as the first scientist who searched for the properties of ellipses. Outsourcing system of the universe was put into a theoretical basis by Apollonios first and later on, developed by Ptolemaios.
Location. 36° 57.6′ N, 30° 51.235′ E. Marker is near Aksu, Antalya Province, in Aksu (district). Marker is on Perge Yolu just from Atatürk Cadde, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Aksu, Antalya Province 07112, Turkey.
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Perge (here, next to this marker); Roman Door (within shouting distance of this marker); Macellum / Agora (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Southern Baths (about 150 meters away).
More about this marker. This marker is located at the entrance to the Perge site.
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 184 times since then and 65 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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