Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rome in Metropolitan City of Rome, Lazio, Italy — Central Italy (Tyrrhenian Coast)
 

Roman Forum

 
 
Roman Forum Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
1. Roman Forum Marker
Inscription.

The Roman Forum lies in the valley surrounded by the Palatine, Capitoline and Esquiline hills. In the Republican period (5th-1st centuries BC) this was the political, economic, religious and commercial heart of ancient Rome. In the 9th-8th centuries BC when the city was made up of independent villages, the area was occupied by the cemeteries of the various settlements. Later, the villages began to merge and the Forum valley naturally became the place where their inhabitants met for economic transactions and social activities; broad and flat, it gradually became the centre of the ancient city's social life. Originally this was a marshy and unhealthy area, especially at its lowest point near the Capitoline hill. This made it necessary to carry out works here to drain the marshy swamp; this enterprise, one of the first land reclamations of ancient Italy, was ascribed to the Tarquins who built the Cloaca Maxima to channel the waters into the Tiber. This was when the area took on a specific social and political function within the community. The Forum hosted games, political meetings and assemblies. It is described by legend as the setting for some of the most important events in the first few centuries of Rome's history, including the Rape of the Sabine Women. Particularly between the 3rd and 1st centuries BC, the intense activities

Roman Forum and Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
2. Roman Forum and Marker
Temple of Antoninus and Faustina in background
carried out here led to the construction of the first buildings with specific sacred and public functions. An initial road network also began to take shape between the temples and basilicas: the Via Sacra, the Vicus Tuscus, the Clivus Argentarius etc.
 
Location. 41° 53.526′ N, 12° 29.175′ E. Marker is in Rome, Lazio, in Metropolitan City of Rome. Click for map. Marker and ruins are in the Roman Forum. Marker is at or near this postal address: Via Sacra, Rome, Lazio 00186, Italy.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Roman Forum (a few steps from this marker); Altar of Caesar / Ara di Cesare (a few steps from this marker); Roman Forum. History of the Excavations (within shouting distance of this marker); Regia (within shouting distance of this marker); Temple of Antoninus and Faustina (within shouting distance of this marker); Tabernae at the Front of the Basilica Aemilia (within shouting distance of this marker); Forum Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Archaic Burial Ground / Sepolcreto Arcaico (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Rome.
 
Also see . . .
1. Rome Reborn: A Digital Model of Ancient Rome. (Submitted on June 14, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Roman Forum image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
3. Roman Forum
View from the Via Nova

2. Roman Forum. (Submitted on June 14, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Forum Romanum. (Submitted on June 14, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Roman Forum Map from Rick Steves. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceMan-Made FeaturesPoliticsSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 242 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo and transcription of adjacent Italian language marker • Can you help?
Paid Advertisement