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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rome in Metropolitan City of Rome, Lazio, Italy — Central Italy (Tyrrhenian Coast)
 

Forum Square

 
 
Forum Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
1. Forum Square Marker
Inscription.

The large paved square at the centre of the Forum, the main space used for public assemblies, remained almost empty of buildings throughout the Republican period (5th-1st centuries BC). During the empire, as its importance decreased with the opening of the imperial Forums, monuments of various types were built in the area. The paving - reconstructed several times over the centuries - originally consisted of travertine slabs held together with lead grapples; the remains of a surviving inscription probably refer to the restoration of the paving carried out under Augustus (27 BC-14 AD) by the praetor Lucius Naevius Surdinus. The rectangular base at the centre incorporating three perforated travertine blocks belongs to the Equus Domitiani, the equestrian statue celebrating Domitian's victory (81-96 AD) over the Germani. As the poet Statius noted, it faces the Temple of Caesar. The fenced-off rectangular area to the north, unpaved even in ancient times, is the Garden of Marsyas. A vine, a fig tree and an olive tree have been replanted here; these trees were sacred to the Romans and according to Pliny the Elder grew at the centre of the Forum. The concrete marble-clad structure in the western corner of the square may be the base of the Equus Constantini, a statue of the emperor Constantine on horseback. In the vicinity some

Forum Square and Markers image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
2. Forum Square and Markers
square holes dating to the period of Julius Caesar probably belong to the network of tunnels which extended beneath the square.
 
Location. 41° 53.54′ N, 12° 29.144′ E. Marker is in Rome, Lazio, in Metropolitan City of Rome. Click for map. Marker and ruins are in the Roman Forum. Marker is at or near this postal address: Via Sacra, Rome, Lazio 00186, Italy.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Tabernae at the Front of the Basilica Aemilia (a few steps from this marker); Shrine of Venus Cloacina / Sacello di Venere Cloacina (a few steps from this marker); Roman Forum. History of the Excavations (a few steps from this marker); Altar of Caesar / Ara di Cesare (within shouting distance of this marker); Roman Forum (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Roman Forum (within shouting distance of this marker); Basilica Aemilia Entablature / Trabeazione (within shouting distance of this marker); Regia (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Rome.
 
Also see . . .
1. Roman Forum Central Square. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Rome Reborn: A Digital Model of Ancient Rome. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
View SE Across Forum Square image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., October 3, 2013
3. View SE Across Forum Square

3. Roman Forum. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Forum Romanum. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. Roman Forum Map from Rick Steves. (Submitted on June 15, 2015, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Man-Made Features
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 228 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.   3. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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