Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near New Houlka in Chickasaw County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds

Early Archaeology - Mound II

 
 
Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 4, 2015
1. Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds Marker
Inscription. The first archaeological work at Owl Creek Mounds was supervised by Moreau Chambers in August, 1935. He was employed by the Mississippi Department of Archives and History and assisted by Slater Gordon. E.T. Winston, a Pontotoc journalist and local historian, also helped. The crew, hired by the Federal Employment Relief Administration, was composed of local men.

Excerpt from Chambersí diary
Saturday, August 10, 1935


“During the morning I took Mr. Winston into Pontotoc to see about getting pay for the FERA laborers. To our dismay we learned that our work-week instead of being 48 hours in length is limited to 30 hours ... While we were in Pontotoc, I got some more gas and groceries on credit for ten dollars at the First National Bank of Pontotoc, having had my pocket money reduced to 17c through the necessity of carrying on the Survey with our personal funds.”

(Diagram Caption)
Chambersí crew dug trenches from the edges to the centers of Mounds II, IV, and V. The excavations showed complicated layering, especially in Mound II, but few artifacts were recovered. A large hearth, with clay hardened by fire, was found at the bottom of the trench in Mound II.

(Left Image Caption)
1935. Chambersí crew standing in the trench in Mound II. E.T. Winston in the
Owl Creek Mounds Archaeological Site image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 4, 2015
2. Owl Creek Mounds Archaeological Site
foreground, Wayne Harrison, James M. Watts, Wilson Dillard, Tom Crews, and Chastain Johnson in back.

(Right Image Caption)
In 1992, a crew cleaning the dirt out of Chambersí 1935 L-shaped trench in Mound II found a bottle with a note inside.

(Inscription of Note)
This mound excavated in the month of August, 1935 by Messrs. Moreau B. Chambers and Slater Gordon from the Mississippi Dept. Of Archives and History. Co-operating with Pontotoc County FERA organization – W.D. Hiddleston, Works Manager; E.T. Winston, Foreman of Labor; James W. Watts, Archaeological Expert.
 
Erected by United States Forest Service and Mississippi State University.
 
Location. 34° 3.38′ N, 88° 55.453′ W. Marker is near New Houlka, Mississippi, in Chickasaw County. Marker can be reached from County Road 413 2.5 miles west of Natchez Trace Parkway, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is located at the Owl Creek Archaeological Site in Tombigbee National Forest. Marker is in this post office area: Houlka MS 38850, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Archaeology Determines the Age of Owl Creek Mounds (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds
Marker in Front of Owl Creek Mound II image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 4, 2015
3. Marker in Front of Owl Creek Mound II
(a few steps from this marker); Owl Creek Mounds (a few steps from this marker); De Soto's Expedition (within shouting distance of this marker); Hernando de Soto (approx. 2.6 miles away); Monroe Mission Station (approx. 3.2 miles away); Chickasaw Agency (approx. 3.3 miles away); Tockshish (approx. 6.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Houlka.
 
Categories. Native AmericansScience & Medicine
 
Owl Creek Mound II as viewed from top of Mound I image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 4, 2015
4. Owl Creek Mound II as viewed from top of Mound I
Marker is center marker next to Mound II
Owl Creek Mound II image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 4, 2015
5. Owl Creek Mound II
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 205 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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