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Istanbul in Fatih district, Istanbul Province, Turkey
 

Basilica Cistern

Yerbatan Sarnıcı

 
 
Basilica Cistern Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 4, 2015
1. Basilica Cistern Marker
Inscription. English:
The Basilica Cistern was constructed by Eastern Roman Emperor I. Justinianus (527-565) in 542 A.D. to provide water requirement of the Great Palace. Due to the brilliance among the marble columns arising within the water, it was called as Yerebatan Cistern by the public. The name Basilica in foreign sources was said to come from the Ilius Basilica being close to the cistern.

Basilica Cistern is a huge building covering the area of 9.800 m2. Here there are 336 columns each of which is 9 meters high. The columns erected at intervals make 12 lines being 28 at each line.

Two Medusa heads used as a block under two columns at the northwestern edge of the cistern are one of the masterworks of sculpture of Roman Age. Many legends regarding Medusa based on mythology makes this cistern more mysterious. The Cistern was repaired several times as yet. In the era of Ottoman Empire, it was restorated (sic) twice and one of them was made by Architect Kayserill Mehmet Aga in the era of Ahmed III (1723). The second restoration was in the era of Sultan Abduihamid II (1876-1909). In Republican Period, the cistern was cleaned by Istanbul Municipality in 1987 and opened for visit.

Basilica Cistern, besides being a museum, also hosts various national and international events.

Turkish:
Yerbatan Sarnıcı Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 4, 2015
2. Yerbatan Sarnıcı Marker
Yerebatan Sarnıcı, M.S 542 yılında Doğu Roma İmparatoru l. Justinianus (527-565) tarafından Büyük Saray'in su ihtiyacını karşılamak üzere yaptırılmıştır. Suyun içinden yükselen mermer sütunların arasındaki dolayı halk tarafından Yerebatan Sarayı olarak da anılmaktadır. Yabancı kaynaklarda geçen Basilika (Basilica) isminin ise sarnıcın yakınında bulunan Ilius Basilikası'ndan geldiği rivayet edilir.

Yerebatan Sarnıcı 9.800 m2'lik bir alanı kapsayan dev bir yapıdır. Burada her biri 9 metre yüksekliğinde 336 sütun bulunmaktadır. Belirli aralıklarla dikilen bu sütunlar, her sırada 28 tane olmak üzere 12 sıra meydana getirmektedir.

Sarnıcın kuzeybatı köşesindeki iki sütunun altında kaide olarak kullanılan iki Medusa başı Roma Çağı heykeltıraşlık sanatının şaheser örneklerinden biridir. Medusa'yla ilgili mitolojiye dayandırılan birçok efsane bu sarnıcı daha d onarımlardan geçmiştir. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Dönemi'nde iki defa restore edilen sarnıcın ilk onarımı III. Ahmet zamanında (1723) Mimar Kayserili Mehmet Ağa'ya
Basilica Cistern Marker (Arabic) image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 4, 2015
3. Basilica Cistern Marker (Arabic)
yaptırılmıştır. İkinci onarım ise Sultan ll. Abdülhamit (1876-1909) zamanında olmuştur. Cumhuriyet Dönemi'nde de sarnıç 1987'de İstanbul Belediyesi tarafından temizlenmiş ve bir gezi platformu yapılmak suretiyle ziyarete açılmıştır.

Yerebatan Sarnıcı, müze olmanın yanında ulusal ve uluslararası birçok etkinliğe ev sahipliği yapmaktadır.

Arabic: To read the Arabic text, click on the Arabic image to enlarge it.
 
Erected by Istanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi (Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality).
 
Location. 41° 0.507′ N, 28° 58.675′ E. Marker is in Istanbul, Istanbul Province, in Fatih district. Marker is on Yerebatan Caddesi just from Alaemdar Caddesi, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Yerebatan Caddesi No. 13, Istanbul, Istanbul Province 34122, Turkey.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Basilica Cistern (here, next to this marker); Million (within shouting distance of this marker); The Milion Stone (within shouting distance of this marker);
Basilica Cistern Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 4, 2015
4. Basilica Cistern Marker
Hagia Sophia (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Türbe (Tomb) of Sultan Selim II (about 150 meters away); Firuz Aga Mosque (about 150 meters away); The Remnants of the Theodosian Hagia Sophia (5th Century) (about 150 meters away); Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I (about 150 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Istanbul.
 
Also see . . .  Basilica Cistern - Wikipeida. The Basilica Cistern (Turkish: Yerebatan Sarayı – "Sunken Palace", or Yerebatan Sarnıcı – "Sunken Cistern"), is the largest of several hundred ancient cisterns that lie beneath the city of Istanbul (that is formerly Constantinople), Turkey. The cistern, located 500 feet (150 m) southwest of the Hagia Sophia on the historical peninsula of Sarayburnu, was built in the 6th century during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I. (Submitted on June 26, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Charity & Public Work
 
Basilica Cistern image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2015
5. Basilica Cistern
Basilica Cistern image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2015
6. Basilica Cistern
Medusa's head used as a column base. image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, May 3, 2015
7. Medusa's head used as a column base.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 295 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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