Near Krinides in Kavala Regional Unit, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, Greece
The ancient theater of Philippi is a very important monument, located on the southeastern hillside of the acropolis leaning against the eastern city wall. Its initial phase is dated in the reign of the King of Macedonia Philip II (middle of the 4th c. BC). The Roman colonizers continued to use the Hellenistic theater but they remodeled it in order to be adapted to the new spectacles of the Roman society and to receive a multitude of spectators from the city and the towns of the colony.
During the 2nd century AD the theater acquired a typically Roman form; it included a majestic three-story stage building, an orchestra paved with marble slabs and a koilon that was extended above the parodoi, covered with vaulted structures. The south portico of the stage building, which bears relief plaques with representations referring to Dionysos (maenads and others) on the pillar fronts is preserved.
During the 3rd century AD the theater was transformed into an arena for animal fights. The proscenium was demolished, the first rows of seats were removed from the koilon and a wall was built with a fence for the protection of the spectators from the wild animals, which were kept in a large underground space at the southern end of the orchestra. The epitheater must have been constructed during this
The two arches used for bracing the theater against neighboring city-wall were probably constructed during the Late Roman times (end of the 3rd/beginning of the 4th c. AD).
During the Early Christian period (5th-6th c. AD) the performances at the theater of Philippi ceased. Its abandonment is probably connected to the prevalence of Christianity and the new morals that were not congruent with the animal fights or theatrical performances. The portico at the back of the stage building was remodeled into an area of workshops. The great earthquake that destroyed the city of Philippi at the beginning of the 7th century AD probably caused the destruction of the stage-building by fire. From then onwards the theater was systemically demolished, so that its members could be used as construction material for the creation of new buildings.
In the early Byzantine period the area southeast of the theater housed workshops. Finally, during the Turkish occupation the cobblestone road that connected Kavala and Drama until the beginning of the 20th century and crossed the archaeological site of Philippi, passed in front of the theater.
The first sources of information found today about the theater
Location. 41° 0.766′ N, 24° 17.237′ E. Marker is near Krinides, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, in Kavala Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Agiou Christoforou west of Filippou, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. This marker is located in the archaeological park, and is one of the first markers that one comes
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Philippi (within shouting distance of this marker); Archeological Area Filippi (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); Basilica (about 210 meters away); Christian Philippi (about 240 meters away); Annexes to Octagon at Philippi (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); The Octagon at Philippi (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Black Sea - Silk Road (approx. 11.4 kilometers away); Neapolis-Christoupolis-Kavala (7th C.BC. - 20th C.AD.) (approx. 13.6 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Krinides.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Categories. • Notable Places •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 201 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.