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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Krinides in Kavala Regional Unit, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, Greece
 

Basilica

 
 
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
1. Basilica Marker
Inscription. English Text:

It was built as a great three-aisled, timber-roofed basilica with a transept on the east side. Its dimensions are 130x50 m. There is a monumental semi-circular propylon with marble stairs that leads from the Forum to the columned courtyard of the temple. From the courtyard, two entrances lead to the four-sided atrium, which has galleries on its three sides (east, north and south) while its western side is shaped as a two level fountain.

The connection between the atrium and the vestibule (narthex) is achieved through three entrances. On the northwest side of the narthex, the Baptistery as well as the staircase which led to the women's quarters of the church are preserved.

From the vestibule, the faithful were entering the naos (nave) via three entrances, a central triple entrance (tribelon) and two simple ones on the side. Two colonnades with 15 columns each, divided the church into three aisles. In front of the bema (presbytery) the colonnades bent at right angles to the north and south respectively, forming the transept, a rectangular area perpendicular to the rest of the temple. As a result the temple opens up in its eastern part obtaining the shape of "T."

The church had a saddleback timber roof. The floor of the bema and the transept was paved with marble inlay (small
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
2. Basilica Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing how the front of the Basilica structure appeared.
pieces of marble that formed geometric shapes) while the floor of the naos was paved with marble slabs. In the central aisle, parts of the ambo (pulpit) are still preserved and in front of the bema the stylobate of the templon is maintained. There are also traces of the base of the altar as well as the synthronon with the seats of the priests. The aisles were separated by panels leaned on the pillars of the colonnades while panels from colourful marbles consisted the templon of the church.

This magnificent temple, which is distinguished by its size and impressive sculptural decoration (capitals, pilaster-capitals, panels), was built in the late 5th century AD, that is around 500 AD. After its destruction, probably by an earthquake, the church was not reconstructed. But in the southwest corner of the atrium, where there was a Roman cistern, at a place identified by tradition as the prison of Saint Paul, a chapel was built after the 7th-8th century from which there are scant remains today.
 
Location. 41° 0.767′ N, 24° 17.082′ E. Marker is near Krinides, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, in Kavala Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Agiou Christoforou west of Filippou, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. This marker is located in the archaeological park, and is
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
3. Basilica Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing how the side of the Basilica structure appeared.
the last marker encountered before crossing the modern day roadway to get to the other side of the road where the Roman forum is located. Marker is in this post office area: Krinides, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region 640 03, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Christian Philippi (within shouting distance of this marker); The Octagon at Philippi (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); Annexes to Octagon at Philippi (about 120 meters away); Ancient Theater (about 210 meters away); Philippi (approx. 0.2 kilometers away); Archeological Area Filippi (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Black Sea - Silk Road (approx. 11.5 kilometers away); Neapolis-Christoupolis-Kavala (7th C.BC. - 20th C.AD.) (approx. 13.8 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Krinides.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Settlements & Settlers
 
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
4. Basilica Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing how the floor plan of the Basilica structure appeared.
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
5. Basilica Marker
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
6. Basilica Marker
View of the marker, situated along the side of the park walking path. Directly behind the marker, in the picture, are the ruins of the Basilica.
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 17, 2015
7. Basilica Marker
View of the site of the Basilica and its present day ruins.
Basilica Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 16, 2015
8. Basilica Marker
A more distant view of the marker, situated along the side of the park walking path, with the ruins of the Basilica in the background.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 277 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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