Tupelo in Lee County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Chickasaw Village Site
A Chickasaw Village
Here once stood an Indian village of several houses and a fort.
During the summer they lived in rectangular well-ventilated houses.
In the winter they lived in round houses with plastered walls.
In times of danger, everybody—warriors, women, children—sought shelter in strongly fortified stockades.
Original foundations of four of these structures are overlaid with concrete curb on the ground to your left.
The Chickasaw Nation
This tribe, population about 2000, lived in the “Chickasaw Old Fields,” a small natural prairie near Tupelo, Mississippi.
Although their villages occupied an area of less than 20 square miles, the Chickasaw claimed, and hunted over, a vast region in northern Mississippi and Alabama and western Tennessee and Kentucky.
The Chickasaw were closely related to the Choctaw, Creek and Natchez as well as some of the smaller tribes of the Mississippi River.
De Soto’s followers were the first Europeans to see the Chickasaw, with whom they fought a bloody battle in 1541.
The Chickasaw, after ceding the last of their ancestral lands
English - French Conflict
1700 - 1763
England and France, after the founding of Louisiana, fought four wars for control of North America.
The CHICKASAW became allies of the British who used them as a spearhead to oppose French expansion. This tribe with British help not only remained independent, but threatened French shipping on the Mississippi.
The FRENCH conquered or made allies of all the tribes along the Mississippi, except the Chickasaw. They made great efforts to destroy this tribe, sending powerful forces against them in 1736 and in 1740, and incited the Choctaw and other tribes to do likewise. The Chickasaw successfully resisted, and remained a thorn in the side of France until she, in 1763, lost all her North American possessions.
French - Chickasaw War
The Chickasaw threatened French communications between Louisiana and Canada and urged the Choctaw to trade with the English.
Bienville decided to destroy the Chickasaw tribe. In 1735 he ordered a column of French and Indians, led by Pierre d’Artaguette, from Illinois, to meet him near Tupelo.
Bienville, leading a French army, joined by the Choctaws,
D’Artaguette was dead. Two months earlier the Chickasaw had defeated and killed him and forced his followers to flee.
Ignorant of d’Artaguette’s defeat, Bienville attack the fortified village of Ackia, May 26, 1736. Bloodily repulsed, he withdrew to Mobile, leaving the Chickasaw more dangerous than ever.
Erected by National Park Service.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Natchez Trace marker series.
Location. 34° 16.708′ N, 88° 44.504′ W. Marker is in Tupelo, Mississippi, in Lee County. Marker can be reached from Natchez Trace Parkway (at milepost 261.8), half a mile south of McCullough Boulevard (Mississippi Highway 178), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is located at the Chickasaw Village Site turnoff from the Natchez Trace Parkway. Marker is in this post office area: Tupelo MS 38801, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Tupelo (approx. 1.6 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Tupelo (approx. 1.6 miles away); Natchez Trace at Lee County Old Town Creek (approx. 2 miles away); The Younger Cabin / Confederate Headquarters (approx. 2.5 miles away); Tupelo Confederate Soldiers Monument (approx. 2.5 miles away); Elvis Presley and Tupelo (approx. 2.7 miles away); Shake Rag Community (approx. 2.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tupelo.
Also see . . .
1. Natchez Trace. Official National Park Service website. (Submitted on June 29, 2015.)
2. Chickasaw Village and Fort Site - Tupelo, Mississippi. From the Explore Southern History website. (Submitted on June 29, 2015.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Native Americans •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 231 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.