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Raymond in Hinds County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

A Guide to the Campaign Trail

The Vicksburg Campaign and Siege

 

—Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Parker Hills —

 
A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
1. A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker
Front Side
Inscription. In April of 1861, rumors of Civil War became a reality at Charleston harbor when Fort Sumter was fired upon by Southern forces. Many leaders, both North and South, believed that a dash to capture the opposing side’s capital city would bring a quick political end to the war. But Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis were Western-born men and realized that the Mississippi River, king of the waterways, was a geographic key to victory. It was the River that meandered southward for 2,320 miles and delivered commerce and prosperity to the vast interior region. As the River bordered the state of Mississippi for over 600 strategic miles, it was only a matter of time before the Magnolia State would become a battleground for control of the Lower Mississippi River Valley.

When the war closed the River to Northern commerce, the states of the Old Northwest demanded action, and by August all the manpower and treasure the Union could muster was aimed at reopening “the spinal column of America.” A shallow-draft fleet of gunboats was rapidly built, and by mid-1862 the ironclad monsters roamed with impunity on the Western waters. Yet Vicksburg held fast, and the River remained closed from Vicksburg’s wharf southward for 240 miles to Port Hudson, Louisiana.

In the first months of 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant masterminded
The Vicksburg Campaign image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
2. The Vicksburg Campaign
Close-up of map on marker
a joint operation to open the last stretch of the River. Using multiple diversions to distract Confederate General John C. Pemberton, Grant achieved an unopposed river crossing at Bruinsburg, Mississippi, on April 30. He quickly overpowered a Southern force at the Battle of Port Gibson on May 1, and two days later entered Grand Gulf to establish a based to supply his campaign. Then, instead of marching directly north to Vicksburg, Grant surprised both friend and foe by marching northeast toward Pemberton’s railroad line of communications.

On May 12, a Confederate force unsuccessfully struck Grant’s right flank at the Battle of Raymond. Grant quickly changed his scheme of maneuver and pivoted east, capturing Jackson on May 14. The Federals then raced west toward Vicksburg and defeated Pemberton’s army at the Battle of Champion Hill on May 16, and at Big Black Bridge on May 17. After attacks on Vicksburg on May 19 and 22 were beaten back, siege operations began. Almost two months later, Vicksburg and its army surrendered on July 4, and Port Hudson fell on July 9. The River was open and, as Lincoln declared, “The Father of Waters again flows unvexed to the sea.”

“The sun did not shine more certainly than that the loss of the Mississippi was the loss of the war”.
William Mansfield

 
Location.
A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
3. A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker
Back Side
Drawings (from top to bottom) of
Raymond Courthouse, DeGolyer’s
Michigan Battery at Battle of Raymond,
and St. Mark’s Episcopal Church
32° 15.573′ N, 90° 25.359′ W. Marker is in Raymond, Mississippi, in Hinds County. Marker is at the intersection of Raymond Clinton Road and Main Street, on the left when traveling north on Raymond Clinton Road. Click for map. Marker is located in the town circle at the southeast side of the water tower. Marker is in this post office area: Raymond MS 39154, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The McCoy Brothers (a few steps from this marker); Raymond Courthouse (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hinds County Confederate Memorial (about 400 feet away); St. Mark's Episcopal Church (about 500 feet away); Confederate Cemetery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bledsoe's Battery (approx. 1.4 miles away); C.S. Gregg's Task Force (approx. 1.4 miles away); C.S. Bledsoe's Missouri Battery (3 Guns) (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Raymond.
 
More about this marker. As stated on the bottom of the marker, “This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Interior - National Park Service, Vicksburg National Military Park, the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Vicksburg, City of Port Gibson and City of Raymond, Vicksburg Convention and Visitors Bureau and Mississippi Development Authority Division of Tourism.”
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
4. A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker
A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
5. A Guide to the Campaign Trail Marker
At southeast side of water tower
Raymond Water Tower image. Click for full size.
By Duane Hall, June 5, 2015
6. Raymond Water Tower
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 156 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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