Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Athens in Central Athens Regional Unit, Attica Region, Greece
 

The Statue of Athena Promachos

 
 
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
1. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
Inscription. English Text:

The colossal bronze statue of Athena, known as Athena Promachos, dominated in the area between the Propylaia and the Erechtheion, to the left of the visitor walking along the processional way of the Acropolis. It was made by the renowned sculptor Pheidias probably at the bronze foundry situated at the southwest slope of the Acropolis. The Athenians dedicated the statue to Athena, to express their gratitude for her contribution to the victories in the Persian Wars. Later sources refer that its construction was financed from the Persian spoils. However, according to the inscription with the expense accounts, the construction of the statue is dated to 475 - 450 B.C.

The exact form of the statue is not known, but later copies and coins of the Roman Period present the goddess standing, in a calm pose, wearing a belted peplos (robe). According to another version, the outstretched right hand held a Nike (Victory) or an owl. Pausanias, the 2nd century A.D. traveler, mentions that her shield was decorated with scenes from the Centauromachy (battle between Centaurs and Lapiths), executed by the famous bronze sculptor Mys, following drawings by the painter Parrhasios. The total height of the statue with the pedestal is estimated around 9.00 meters. According to ancient tradition, the point
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
2. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
View of the marker, with the ruins of the Acropolis in the background.
of her spear and the crest of her helmet were visible to sailors at sea off cape Sounion. Athena's pedestal, measuring 5x5 meters, was repaired in the Roman Period, probably in the Time of Augustus (31 B.C. - 14 A.D.). Fragments of its crowning with relief mouldings have been preserved to the present day.

Pheidias' masterpiece was carried to Constantinople, and was placed at the hippodrome, probably in the 5th century A.D. There, it was destroyed by the crowd during the siege of the city by the Franks in 1204, because it was considered that the outstretched hand of the goddess beckoned the enemy.
 
Location. 37° 58.306′ N, 23° 43.533′ E. Marker is in Athens, Attica Region, in Central Athens Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Theorias Street north of Dionysiou Areopagitou Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. This marker is part of the archaeological park that is located at the Acropolis of Athens, and is one of the very first markers that visitors encounter upon arriving at the top of the Acropolis. Marker is in this post office area: Athens, Attica Region 21 0321 417, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A. The Propylaia, B. The Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia (a few steps from this marker); A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
3. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the plan of the foundation of the base of the Athena Promachos.
(a few steps from this marker); The Parthenon (within shouting distance of this marker); The "Old Temple" of Athena (within shouting distance of this marker); The Erechtheion (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Areopagus Hill (about 180 meters away in Attica Periphery); The Acropolis of Athens (about 180 meters away in Attica Periphery).
 
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
4. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a photo, showing the remains of the base of the statue of Athena Promachos.
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
5. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
View of the marker, with the site of the Statue of Athena Promachos in the background (see in front of the Erechtheion the fragments of the crowning with relief moldings).
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
6. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing a reconstruction of the statue of Athena Promachas and other votive offerings located at the area between the Propylaia and the Erechtheion.
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
7. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an Orthophotomosaic, showing where the Acropolis visitor is in relation to the ruins of the archaeological park, while standing in front of the marker.
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
8. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
View of the marker in relation to the entrance to the Propylaia.
The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
9. The Statue of Athena Promachos Marker
View showing where the marker is situated in relation to the Acropolis ruins.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 297 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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