Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Athens in Central Athens Regional Unit, Attica Region, Greece
 

The “Old Temple” of Athena

 
 
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
1. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Inscription. The large Archaic temple to the south of the Erechtheion, which today preserves only its foundations, was called the "Old Temple" according to epigraphic evidence. Dedicated to Athena Polias, the patron deity of the city, it housed the xoanon, the wooden cult statue of the goddess to which the Athenians offered a peplos during the Panathenaic festival. The western section of the temple, consisting of three smaller parts, housed the cults of other divinities, possibly Hephaistus, Poseidon-Erechtheus and the hero Boutes.

Built at the site once occupied by the palace of the Mycenaean ruler of Attica, the temple replaced a smaller Geometric one (8th century B.C.) also dedicated to Athena Polias. The only remains of this early temple are two stone column bases as well as a bronze disc with an image of Gorgo, which adorned the pediment or the tip of the roof in the 7th century B.C.

The "Old Temple" of Athena, a Doric peripteral building with 6 columns at the front and rear end and 12 at the sides, measured 43.44 x 21.43 meters. It was built of poros, while Parian marble was used for some upper parts, such as the metopes, pedimental sculptures and tiles. One pediment was adorned with a sculpted group illustrating the Gigantomachy (the battle between the Olympian gods and the rebellious Giants), while the other
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
2. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the foundations of the "Old Temple."
featured a partially preserved group of lions devouring a bull. The altar, which is no longer preserved, was located to the east of the temple, as is indicated by some cuttings on the rock.

The temple was built in 525-500 B.C. and is associated with the sons of the tyrant Peisistratos or the Athenian people at the time of the establishment of Democracy by Kleisthenes. It was destroyed in 480 B.C., during the Persian invasion. Many of its architectural members were later incorporated in the north wall of the Acropolis.
 
Location. 37° 58.306′ N, 23° 43.587′ E. Marker is in Athens, Attica Region, in Central Athens Regional Unit. Marker can be reached from Theorias Street north of Dionysiou Areopagitou Street, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. This marker is part of the archaeological park that is located at the Acropolis of Athens, and is situated vey near the Parthenon. Marker is in this post office area: Athens, Attica Region 21 0321 417, Greece.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Erechtheion (within shouting distance of this marker); The Parthenon (within shouting distance of this marker); A. The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia, B. The Chalkotheke (within shouting
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
3. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a photo, showing the architectural members of the temple, incorporated in the north wall of the Acropolis.
distance of this marker); The Statue of Athena Promachos (within shouting distance of this marker); A. The Propylaia, B. The Shrine of Athena Hygieia and Hygieia (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Areopagus Hill (approx. 0.2 kilometers away in Attica Periphery); The Acropolis of Athens (approx. 0.3 kilometers away in Attica Periphery).
 
Categories. Notable Places
 
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
4. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an illustration, showing the restoration of the upper part of the "Old Temple."
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
5. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of a photo showing the Gigantomachy pediment that is displayed in the Acropolis Museum.
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
6. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
Close-up view, that is displayed on the marker, of an Orthophotomosaic, showing where the Acropolis visitor is in relation to the ruins of the archaeological park, while standing in front of the marker.
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
7. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
View of the marker looking east along the processional way of the Acropolis (the Parthenon is on the other side of the processional way from the marker).
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
8. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
View of the marker looking east along the processional way of the Acropolis, with a view of the Erechtheion to the left of the marker.
The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2015
9. The "Old Temple" of Athena Marker
View of the marker, looking north in the direction of the site of the "Old Temple" and towards the Erechtheion.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 206 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement