Inscription. This marker locates a part of the original trail which was cut out of the forest by the U.S. Army in 1868 to facilitate travel from Leech Lake to White Earth. Soldiers accompanied the paymasters along this road in the early days to provide protection when periodic payments were made to Chippewa tribal members. All these lands were included in the White Earth Indian Reservation in 1867. In 1889 Congress passed the Rice Treaty which assigned allotments of land within the reservation to individual Indians. The passage of the Clapp Act in 1906 permitted Indians with mixed blood to dispose of their allotted lands. Thereupon, most of the Indian landowners quickly sold their lands - many of the tracts holding valuable stands of virgin white and red pine. Logging companies proceeded to remove the valuable timber and then allowed many of the tracts to revert to the county for delinquent taxes. In 1936 the government selected this area for development as a national wildlife refuge. Since that time, the area has been consolidated by further land acquisition and is now managed as a multiple-use conservation area.
By D. Bjorn, June 14, 2007
|1. Old Government Road Marker|
Location. 47° 1.417′ N, 95° 36.817′ W. Marker is in Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota, in Becker County. Marker is on County Route 143 0.7 miles
west of Egg Lake Trail. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Detroit Lakes MN 56501, United States of America.
By D. Bjorn, June 14, 2007
|2. Old Government Road Marker|
Also see . . .
1. Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge. The marker is located near Egg Lake, in the Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge. (Submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
2. Congress passes the Act of 1889. (Submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
3. Where Does Federal Indian Policy Really Come From?. "The combined effect of the Steenerson and Clapp Acts was to legalize first the allotment and then the sale of communal timber holdings. Together, these pieces of legislation redefined collective cultural resources as individual resources destined for sale to outsiders." (Submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
4. The Red Lake Trail. "It was a good wagon road, practicable at all seasons, westward from Leech Lake to White Earth, a distance of 80 Miles." (Submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,939 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 25, 2008, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
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