“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Madison in Madison County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

Trail of Tears

Drane Overland Route

Trail of Tears Drane Overland Route Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, August 25, 2009
1. Trail of Tears Drane Overland Route Marker
Inscription. Early in the 1800's gold was found from Virginia to Alabama including a rich belt on Cherokee Indian land in what is now Dahlonega, GA. causing a huge influx of miners and a land grab by new settlers. Pressure and greed from politicians led to the removal of Indians from their homeland by force, fraudulent treaties, and settler hostilities. The U.S. Government sanctioned forced removal by passing the Indian Removal Act of 1830 affecting Cherokee from AL, GA, FL, MS, TN and the Carolina's.

In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of U.S. Army General Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. About 16,000 Cherokee were placed in stockades in TN and AL until their removal. Roughly 3,000 were sent by boat down the Tennessee River and the rest were marched overland in the fall and winter of 1838~39. This forced~removal under harsh conditions resulted in the deaths of about 4,000 Cherokee.

In late June 1838 a party of 1,070 poorly equipped Indians was marched overland from Ross' Landing at Chattanooga, TN to Waterloo, AL because of low water in the upper Tennessee River. Historical documents show that they followed the general route of present ~day U.S. Highway 72 passing through the northern border of the city of Madison. Arriving in Waterloo,
Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 2, 2010
2. Trail of Tears Marker
AL in miserable condition on July 10, 1838, the Cherokee were placed on a boat to continue their journey West.

The "Trail of Tears" which resulted from the Indian Removal Act passed by the U.S. Congress, is one of the darkest chapters in American History.
Erected by Sponsored by the Alabama Indian Affairs Commission and Attotga Funded by the Trail of Tears Commemorative Motorcycle Ride.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
Location. 34° 41.64′ N, 86° 44.936′ W. Marker is in Madison, Alabama, in Madison County. Marker is on Front Street just from Church Street. Click for map. Located on Front Street inside the City Park next to the Roundhouse. Marker is in this post office area: Madison AL 35758, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. "The Roundhouse" (here, next to this marker); City of Madison (a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing); Madison County Veterans (within shouting distance of this marker); Affair at Madison Station / Affair at Indian Creek Ford (within shouting distance of this marker); Pension Row (approx. half a mile away); James Henry Bibb (approx. 0.7 miles away); Lee Mansion (approx. 2.6 miles away); White Hall (approx. 3.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Madison.
Also see . . .  Trail of Tears. The Trail of Tears was the relocation and movement of Native Americans, including many members of the Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, and Choctaw nations among others in the United States, from their homelands to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) in the Western United States. The phrase originated from a description of the removal of the Choctaw Nation in 1831. (Submitted on March 18, 2010, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.) 
Categories. Native AmericansPolitics
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 1,827 times since then and 132 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.   2. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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