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Reims in Marne Département, Champagne-Ardenne, France
 

Cathédral Notre-Dame

 

—World Heritage Site —

 
Cathédral Notre-Dame Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
1. Cathédral Notre-Dame Marker
Inscription. La cathédral actuelle a été précédée par une basilique paléochrétienne (Ve siècle) et une grande église carolingienne (IXe siècle). Commencée en 1211, la construction a été achevée pour l'essentiel dans les anées 1270-80. Les parties hautes datent des XIVe et XVe siècle. La Galerie des Rois perpétue la mémoire du baptême de Clovis en ce lieu. Depuis cet événement, trente-et-un rois de France ont été sacrés dans la cathédrale. Au-dessus du portail central, la grande statuaire célèbre la royauté de Notre-Dame, couronnée par Jésus, son fils enfanté pour que le monde soit sauvé. La Passion à gauche, la Résurrection au-dessus de la rose central et la Parousie, retour glorieux du Christ à droite, résument la foi et l'espérance de l'Eglise.

A fine example of 13th century gothic architecture, depicting in its decoration the coronation ceremony of the Kings of France.

English translation:
The current cathedral was preceded by an earlier Christian basilica (fifth century) and a large Carolingian church (ninth century). Begun in 1211, construction was completed mainly within the years 1270 - 1280. The higher parts date from the fourteenth and fifteenth century. The Gallery of Kings depicts the baptism of Clovis here. Since that event, thirty-one kings of France were crowned in the cathedral. Above the central portal, the great sculpture celebrates the royalty of Our Lady, crowned by Jesus, her son borne so the world would be saved. On the left entrance is the Passion, above the central rose is the Resurrection and the Second Coming, and depicted above the right entrance is Christ returning
Cathédral Notre-Dame and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
2. Cathédral Notre-Dame and Marker
Marker is in the lower right, in the seating area under the trees.
in glory, together they summarize the faith and hope of the Church.
 
Erected by la ville de Reims. (Marker Number 1.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization marker series.
 
Location. 49° 15.212′ N, 4° 1.988′ E. Marker is in Reims, Champagne-Ardenne, in Marne Département. Marker is on Place du Cardinal Luçon just east of Rue Rockefeller, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Reims, Champagne-Ardenne 51100, France.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Maison du Trésorier du Chapitre de la Cathédral (within shouting distance of this marker); Edmond Marin la Meslée (within shouting distance of this marker); Palais du Tau (within shouting distance of this marker); Médiathèque Jean Falala (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Cavalcade du sacre des rois de France (about 120 meters away); Porte et Place du Chapitre de la Cathédral (about 150 meters away); Quartier des Banques (about 150 meters away); Palais de Justice (about 150 meters away). Click for a list of all markers in Reims.
 
Also see . . .  History and Architecture. Notre-Dame of Reims was the site of the coronation of French kings. It was the centre of an important "cathedral complex" and the representation of Heavenly Jerusalem for the people of the Middle Ages. It was also the symbolic centre of the Archbishop's power, as Primate over the bishops of several dioceses in Northern France. Erected between 1211 and 1516, in
Cathédral Notre-Dame image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
3. Cathédral Notre-Dame
North façade.
accordance with an architectural program of immense artistic richness, the Cathedral of Reims survives as one of the most beautiful examples of Gothic art.
(Submitted on July 29, 2015.) 
 
Categories. Churches, Etc.Politics
 
Cathédral Notre-Dame image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
4. Cathédral Notre-Dame
North façade and the nearby Maison du Trésorier du Chapitre de la Cathédral.
Cathédral Notre-Dame image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
5. Cathédral Notre-Dame
North façade of the left entrance tower
L'Ange au Sourire de Reims (the Smiling Angel of Reims) image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
6. L'Ange au Sourire de Reims (the Smiling Angel of Reims)
Cathédral Notre-Dame image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
7. Cathédral Notre-Dame
Detailed statuary near an entrance on the north façade depicting the Resurrection at the Last Judgment. The central statue, called "the Beautiful God", is Jesus holding the globe of the universe.
Cathédral Notre-Dame Marker image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
8. Cathédral Notre-Dame Marker
Detailed statuary on the north entrance recounts the life of Saint Remi and Saint Nicaise.
Cathédral Notre-Dame shell damage image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
9. Cathédral Notre-Dame shell damage
Damage done to the Cathédral during World War I can still be seen today.
Tours de la Cathédral image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
10. Tours de la Cathédral
Français:
L'ascension dans les tours de la cathédral de Reims permet une découverte insolite d'un chef-d'œuvre de l'architecture gothique, de sa statuaire haute (1) et de sa charpente du XXe siècle (2). Dominant la ville des sacres, le circuite de visite chemine tout au long de la toiture, aux ornements récemment redorés.

English:
Climbing up inside the towers of Reims cathedral is a unique way of discovering a masterpiece of gothic architecture, with its high statuary (1) and its 20th century roof structure (2). Towering over the coronation city, the tour path winds along the roof, with its recently renovated gold ornaments.

German translation not transcribed.

(1) galerie des rois / the gallery of kings / die Galerie der Könige
(2) charpente / the roof timbers / Dachgebälk
Statue of Jeanne d'Arc at the Cathédral Notre-Dame image. Click for full size.
By Kevin W., June 29, 2015
11. Statue of Jeanne d'Arc at the Cathédral Notre-Dame
<i>Reims - La Cathédral en 1846</i> image. Click for full size.
Drawing by J.J. Marquart, 1846
12. Reims - La Cathédral en 1846
1846 drawing of the Cathédrale on a postcard published in 1909.
<i>Souvenez-vous! 1914. Rien d'Allemand!!! Des Allemands</i> image. Click for full size.
By E. Lemielle, 1919
13. Souvenez-vous! 1914. Rien d'Allemand!!! Des Allemands
Remember! 1914. Nothing German! Nothing from the Germans.

The poster depicts the burning of the cathedral, which was considered a war crime. The Library of Congress (this image courtesy of) couches the explanation of the burning in relatively neutral terms: The city of Rheims was shelled with explosives and incendiaries by the Germans during ten days in September of 1914 with the cathedral as the main target. Outraged, particularly by the attack on the cathedral, the government at Bordeaux sent an official protest. At the time of the shelling the cathedral was serving as a hospital with a red cross hanging from its tower. The Germans, however, believed it was also used as an observation tower by the French, hence the heavy and unrelenting bombing. The Germans had eyewitnesses who corroborated this story, but the French consistently denied it. The tracery, towers, and nave of the cathedral were heavily damaged, but the walls were still intact.
Cathedral interior post-bombardment image. Click for full size.
By Editions Reims-Cathédral, circa 1915
14. Cathedral interior post-bombardment
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 247 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.   12, 13, 14. submitted on . • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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