Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol
On March 3, 1817, Congress designated the town of St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River north of Mobile as capital of the newly formed Alabama Territory. There in 1818, the territorial legislature named Huntsville as the temporary seat of government and Cahawba (near present-day Selma) as the first permanent capital. The constitutional convention and legislature met in Huntsville and on December 14, 1819, Alabama was admitted into the Union. Meanwhile a suitable building was erected at Cahawba. Cahawba was prone to flooding which resulted in another change of locale in 1826-this time to Tuscaloosa. An elegant statehouse erected there served until 1846 when Montgomery became the capital of the state.
The Alabama State Capitol
Anticipating that Montgomery might some day be Alabama's capital, city founder Andrew Dexter in 1819 set aside "Goat Hill," at what was then the eastern edge of a small frontier town, as the locale for a future statehouse. The first capitol on this site was erected in 1846-47 after a design by Philadelphia architect Stephen Decatur Button. Burned only two years later in 1849, this Greek Revival-style structure was replaced by the present capitol, also in the Greek Revival-style, in 1850-51. Additions since that time include a large rear wing (1885),
Erected 1995 by Alabama Historical Association, Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce, Historical Preservation and Promotion Foundation.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Liberty Bell Replica, and the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 32° 22.677′ N, 86° 18.048′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of South Bainbridge Street and Dexter Avenue, on the right when traveling north on South Bainbridge Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jefferson Davis (a few steps from this marker); Alabama State Capitol (a few steps from this marker); Selma-to-Montgomery March (within shouting distance of this marker); "Battle Flag of the Confederacy" (within shouting distance "Third National Confederate Flag" (within shouting distance of this marker); John Allan Wyeth (within shouting distance of this marker); Alabama Confederate Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Albert L. Patterson (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Montgomery.
Also see . . .
1. Alabama Constitution Village. (Submitted on December 5, 2009, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.)
2. A Pictorial History of the Alabama State Capitol. (Submitted on December 5, 2009, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.)
3. Site of Alabama's First Statehouse. (Submitted on December 5, 2009, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.)
Categories. • Civil Rights • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 2,241 times since then and 194 times this year. Last updated on , by J. Makali Bruton of San Salvador, El Salvador. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 3. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. 7. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on , by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. 12. submitted on , by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. 13. submitted on , by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.