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Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Generals

 
 
The Generals Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, May 12, 2010
1. The Generals Marker
Inscription. Union

Mahlon Dickerson Manson (1818-1895)
An apothecary turned politician, Mahlon Dickerson Manson served as a captain in the Mexican War. He enlisted as a private when the Civil War began but was soon promoted to colonel. Manson fought at Rich Mountain, West Virginia, and earned fame at Mill Springs, Kentucky. He commanded the Union forces at Richmond until Gen. William Nelson arrived on the field. Manson was captured during the battle and later paroled. He resigned his commission in 1864 after being wounded at Resaca, Georgia.

Charles Cruft (1826-1883)
Charles Cruft, an Indiana lawyer, organized the 31st Indiana Infantry after witnessing the Battle of Bull Run. He was wounded twice in the Hornet's Nest at Shiloh and participated in the siege of Corinth, Mississippi. Cruft commanded one of two Union brigades at Richmond. He was a good officer but his inexperienced men were not prepared for battle against veteran troops. After Richmond, Cruft fought in a number of major battles including Chickamauga and the Battle of Nashville. He mustered out in 1865.

William "Bull" Nelson (1824-1862)
Kentuckian William Nelson was the only naval officer, Union or Confederate, to become a full rank major general. His gruff manner and his large size, six feet four inches and 300 pounds, earned him
The Generals Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, March 30, 2012
2. The Generals Marker
Of the two markers, The Generals sits on the left
the nickname "Bull." Communications problems delayed Nelson's arrival at Richmond until after the second line broke at Duncannon Road. He was wounded soon after taking command at the Richmond Cemetery. On September 29, 1862, Nelson was killed by Union Gen. Jefferson C. Davis at the Galt House Hotel in Louisville. Davis was never charged or prosecuted.

Confederate

Edmund Kirby Smith (1824-1893)
A graduate of West Point and an Army officer, Edmund Kirby Smith resigned his commission in April 1861 to join the Confederate army. That July, he was seriously wounded at the Battle of Bull Run. Kirby Smith commanded the Confederate forces at Richmond and his victory earned him a promotion to Lt. General. Several months after the battle he was transferred to Texas. A commander of the Trans-Mississippi he surrendered the last major Confederate army on May 26, 1865.

Thomas James Churchill (1824-1905)
Kentuckian Thomas James Churchill was assigned to the Trans-Mississippi until his promotion to brigadier general in March 1862. He fought with distinction at Richmond where his brigade turned the tide of the battle. Concealing his approach in a ravine west of the Old State Road, he emerged on the Union army's west flank and smashed the Union line. The ravine is still known as "Churchill's Draw." After Richmond, Churchill returned to the Trans-Mississippi where he remained for the rest of the war.

Patrick R. Cleburne (1828-1864)
Patrick Cleburne, a native of Ireland, served in the British army for three years. A brilliant military tactician, Cleburne anticipated and countered Manson's movements in the opening stages of the Battle of Richmond, keeping the Union command off balance. He was wounded early in the battle and forced to leave the field. Cleburne distinguished himself at Shiloh, Missionary Ridge and Ringgold Gap. He died at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864. Beloved by his men, he was greatly mourned.
 
Erected by Civil War Discovery Trail.
 
Location. 37° 42.016′ N, 84° 15.859′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker is on Duncannon Road 0.1 miles west of Berea Road (U.S. 25/421), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is located on a small service road just West of the intersection. Several other related markers are also in this area. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond KY 40475, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle of Richmond (here, next to this marker); "Rally, boys! Rally to the Colors!" (a few steps from this marker); "Defeat and Destruction Seemed Inevitable" (a few steps from this marker); Battle of Richmond, Ky. (approx. 0.9 miles away); Twitty's or Little Fort (approx. 0.9 miles away); Fort Estill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Daniel Boone's Trace (approx. 0.9 miles away); Daniel Boone's Trail (approx. 0.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
 
Also see . . .
1. Mahlon Dickerson Manson. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
2. Charles Cruft. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
3. William "Bull" Nelson. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
4. Edmund Kirby Smith. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
5. Thomas James Churchill. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
6. Patrick R. Cleburne. (Submitted on June 2, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Notable PersonsWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 666 times since then and 21 times this year. Last updated on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama.   2. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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