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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Brompton

 

—The Battle of Fredericksburg —

 
Brompton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
1. Brompton Marker
Inscription. The house and grounds are not open to the public.

"The pillars of the porch...were speckled with the marks of bullets. Shells and shot had made sad havoc with the walls and the woodwork inside. The windows were shivered, the partitions torn to pieces, and the doors perforated."
Traveler John T. Trowbridge, September 1865

A home, a headquarters, and a hospital: each of these terms accurately describes "Brompton," the large brick house one the hill above you. Built around 1824, the building was home to John L. Marye, a prominent lawyer and businessman. During the Battle of Fredericksburg, the 3rd South Carolina Infantry took position in front of Brompton, while Colonel James B. Walton of the Washington Artillery made the building his headquarters.

Seventeen months later, in May 1864, the house became a hospital for Union soldiers wounded in the Overland Campaign. "No available space was left unoccupied," remembered a Union surgeon. "the poor fellows just arrived had not had their clothes off since they were wounded and were sleeping in blood and filth, and were swarming with vermin. They lay as close as they could be packed." Today Brompton is owned by the University of Mary Washington.
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park - National
Three Wayside along the Sunken Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
2. Three Wayside along the Sunken Road
From left to right, the Ebert House and Store, The Original Wall, and Brompton.
Park Service - U.S. Dept. of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 17.788′ N, 77° 28.12′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Sunken Road and Hanover Street, on the left when traveling north on Sunken Road. Click for map. Located on the Sunken Road walking trail, which starts at the Fredericksburg battlefield visitor center. The Sunken Road is closed to vehicle traffic. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fredericksburg Campaign (a few steps from this marker but has been reported missing); The Original Wall (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Fredericksburg Campaign (a few steps from this marker); The Ebert House and Store (within shouting distance of this marker); Sunken Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Kirkland Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Angel of Marye's Heights (within shouting distance of this marker); Seeking Cover (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. The background of the marker a wartime photo of the house shows The scars of bullets pock the south facade of Brompton in this May
Brompton as Seen from the Marker Location image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
3. Brompton as Seen from the Marker Location
1864 image. The gabled roof visible today was added after the war.

 
Also see . . .  Brompton. (PDF) National Register documentation for Brompton. (Submitted on June 29, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Brompton image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, circa 1997
4. Brompton
Another view of Brompton. The Department of the Interior marker to the right was replaced by the current Brompton marker. Also note the removal of several trees.
Wounded Soldiers at Marye's Heights image. Click for full size.
National Archives
5. Wounded Soldiers at Marye's Heights
Photograph of Federal wounded from the Overland Campaign on Marye's Heights in the late spring of 1864. Two of the men are clearly amputees. The wounded are gathered around what appears to be an oak tree. [ARC Identifier: 524768]
Brompton House image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
6. Brompton House
Gates leading up to Brompton image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
7. Gates leading up to Brompton
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,023 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6, 7. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page was last revised on July 22, 2016.
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