Falkirk in Stirlingshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
The Northern Defences
of the Fort at Rough Castle
From where you are standing, most of the defences of the Roman fort of Rough Castle are behind you. In front of you are the remains of a system of Roman pits which were re-excavated in 1903 and have since been kept open. These originally consisted of ten rows of about 20 pits, in line with the fort rampart; you can imagine the pits stretching rather further to your right and left. The pits were once about 0.9 m (3 feet) deep and probably held upright sharpened stakes, concealed from view by brushwood.
The intention of the pits was to surprise unsuspecting attackers, who would fall into them without warning, to be impaled on the stakes. Julius Caesar's soldiers called them lilia, from their resemblance to the lily with its vertical stem encircling leaves. Take care, as it is till possible to fall in, although you will see that the wooden stakes have disappeared.
The provision of these pits and the general scale of the fort defences illustrate the serious attempt made by the Roman army to impose their will on the local people.
To you right, you may also be able to distinguish the slight remains of the Roman road that run northwards from the north gate of the Roman fort.
PLAN SHOWING THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL TRAIL AND INFORMATION BOARDS
This is the third of four bards that will help you
The lilia under construction.
Location. 55° 59.901′ N, 3° 51.402′ W. Marker is in Falkirk, Scotland, in Stirlingshire. Marker can be reached from Bonnyside Road. Click for map.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Roman Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); The Antonine Wall (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Antonine Wall (about 210 meters away); a different marker also named The Antonine Wall (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Antonine Wall Rough Castle (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Forth & Clyde Ship Canal (approx. one kilometer away); Battle of Falkirk Muir (approx. 2.7 kilometers away); The Parish Church Graveyard (approx. 4.4 kilometers away). Click for a list of all markers in Falkirk.
Categories. • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 150 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 7. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.