Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Bloody First Day Ends
Fighting in the Chickamauga Woods continued into the night
Throughout the day on September 19, 1863, men were thrown into the fighting as soon as they arrived on the field. Neither side could control the battle which expanded in a southerly direction (behind you) as the day wore on. In the thick woods soldiers fought hand to hand and sometimes became confused and fired on their friends. Casualties were heavy.
At sunset Gen. Braxton Bragg, Confederate commander, tried one more assault on the Union line. He ordered Cleburne´s and Cheatham´s Divisions to attack near this point. In the growing darkness, the battle raged to your left and right along the Brotherton Road. Both sides became confused and fired at any rifle musket flashes they saw.
Brig. Gen. Preston Smith, a Confederate brigade commander, got lost in the dark woods and stumbled into an enemy position. He was killed by a point blank Union volley about 220 yards southeast of here (behind you).
(center) Confederate infantry in the Chickamauga woods. Drawing by wartime artist A.R. Waud.
(top right) Gen. Braxton Bragg controversial commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee, hoped to prevent the Union army from reaching the fortified city of Chattanooga by blocking the LaFayette Road.
(bottom right)On the night of September 19, Confederate divisions under Generals Cleburne and Cheatham attacked the Union line near this point, but made no decisive gain.
Erected by Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.
Location. 34° 55.406′ N, 85° 14.629′ W. Marker is in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is at the intersection of Brotherton Road and Alexander Bridge Road, on the right when traveling east on Brotherton Road. Click for map. Located in the Chickamauga National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Ringgold GA 30736, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Huggins' Tennessee Battery (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Huggin's Tennessee Battery (about 400 feet away); Johnson's Division (about 400 feet away); 89th Illinois Infantry (about 400 feet away); Walthall's Brigade 30th Indiana Infantry (about 400 feet away); 79th Illinois Infantry (about 500 feet away); Dodge's Brigade (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
Also see . . . Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on August 20, 2015.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 200 times since then and 95 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.