Greenville in Greenville County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Reedy River Historic Park
Greenville's first post-bellum textile mill was founded by Massachusetts mill owners George Hall, George Putnam, and O.H. Sampson, who came south to start a textile business after a disasterous fire in Boston. In cooperation with Vardry McBee's heirs, Alexander and Vardry A. McBee, Hall and Sampson opened the water-powered Camperdown Mill (named for the Camperdown elms on the property) in 1876. The mill produced yarn and gingham fabric until 1956, when the Citizens and Southern National Bank built a regional headquarters on the site. It is now the site of Bowater, Inc's American headquarters. Stone retaining walls of the old mill and the anchor points of its dam are still visible above the falls.
Location. 34° 50.691′ N, 82° 24.031′ W. Marker is in Greenville, South Carolina, in Greenville County. Marker can be reached from Falls Street near Camperdown Way (South Carolina Route 124). Click for map. This marker is located in Greenville's historic Falls Park, on the east end of the Liberty Bridge. Marker is in this post office area: Greenville SC 29601, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Richard Pearis (here, next to this marker); Cradle of Greenville (here, next to this marker); Liberty Bridge The Reedy River (within shouting distance of this marker); Reedy River Falls (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hunting Grounds to Mill Town (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Liberty Bridge (about 300 feet away); McBee's Mills (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Greenville.
More about this marker. This marker is one of a series of markers in the Historic Falls Park covering bits of Greenville's history.
Also see . . .
1. Camperdown Mill Historical Society. The Camperdown Mills Historical Society was formed in the Spring of 2007 by a group of "Camperdown Kids" who cherish the memories of growing up at Camperdown and of hearing the Camperdown stories told by their parents and grandparents. (Submitted on August 9, 2008, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. Camperdown History. The Camperdown Mills were the first of the modern textile mills to be opened within the corporate boundaries of the City of Greenville (Submitted on March 29, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. The First Families of Camperdown. As this researcher has studied the founding and history of Camperdown Mills, the one constant. was that the operatives of Camperdown produced a high quality product, providing many. dividends for the stockholders. (Submitted on March 29, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Camperdown Mill No. 1
Greenville County had a handful of start up textile mills prior to the Civil War, but not enough to make a significant contribution to the overall local economy. The nearby Batesville mill and a few others supplied enough raw materials for locals so that they didn't have to wait for imports from New England for their needs. After the Civil Wat, businessmen turned to the river to help rebuild their economy with textiles. The first mill in the city of Greenville to locate on the river was the Sampson & Hall Mill in 1874, leased from Vardry A. and Alexander McBee (sons of Vardry McBee) to Oscar Sampson, George Hall and George Putnam. These Massachusetts businessmen came to the Upstate looking for a new
According to Ray Belcher, the Camperdown Mills failed in 1885 and was reorganized as Camperdown Cotton Mills under the leadership of successful Piedmont Manufacturing owner Henry Hammett. However, the mill continued to struggle and closed in 1894. Oscar Sampson bought the machinery and moved it out the next year to use it in his new textile venture called the Sampson Mill located off Buncombe Road. Downtown Greenville's first mill was resurrected in 1906 when Luther McBee began operations. He renamed the business
By 1923 the Vardry Mill closed for good and was soon used as a storage building for Furman University on the hill above. In 1943, the mill burned down and the cause of the fire was never solved by authorities. However, local historian Richard Sawyer was giving a tour of the park in recent years and told the history of the Vardry Mill with its mysterious demise. One of the men on the tour said that when he was young, he and his friends had a secret clubhouse in the old mill and were having a meeting. They forgot to blow out a candle after leaving and the mill, laden with flammable paper products, easily caught fire. Today ruins of the lower walls, wheelhouse structure and foundation remain in the park. (Source: A Guide to Historic Greenville, South Carolina by John Nolan (2008), pgs 23-24.)
— Submitted March 29, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
2. Camperdown Mill No. 2
The successful outlook of Sampson and Hall's first mill caused a new joint stockholding venture to build another mill in (225 by 64 feet) on the eastern bank of the upper falls. The 1874 mill across the river was renamed the Camperdown Mill No. 1 and the new mill opened in March 1876 as the Camperdown
After six years, the Camperdown Mill's business was booming and employed several hundred operatives. Success was short-lived, however, as the mill went under in 1885 and was soon reorganized by Henry Hammett, the most successful mill owner in ate nineteenth-century Greenville. He renamed the mill the Camperdown Cotton Mills, but its resurrection lasted less than a decade. The large mill was not used for several years at the end of the nineteenth century, but resumed operation again in early 1901 to the cheers of locals who had hopes that it would fuel the economy once again. Twentieth-century products of the mill included finished gingham and plaid fabrics similar to the nearby Huguenot Mill. When the mill reopened, a total of eight mills were then in operation within a two-mile radius of the city employing thousands of men, women, and children.
Camperdown No. 2 continued to struggle prior to World War II and went bankrupt in 1930. Despite its ups and downs of success over the years, Batesville Mill President Mary Putnam Gridle said in 1929 that the "Camperdown Mill and the
— Submitted March 29, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
3. Facts About the Camperdown Mill Workers
Camperdown employed 265 people in 1880.
The four youngest workers were age nine, the oldest age 64. Seven children were age 10, six were age 11, twenty were age 12, ten were age 13, fourteen were age 14, and ten were age 15. Therefore 71 were under the age of sixteen.
Where the workers came from. As expected, most were born in South Carolina – 208. However, workers came from several other states and countries, including, North Carolina (28), Alabama (5), Georgia (4), New York (1) Ohio (1), Rhode Island (1), Connecticut (1), Mississippi (1), Massachusetts (1), Tennessee (2) Virginia (2), England (6), Canada (1), Ireland (1), and Scotland.
Many of the workers, particularly the young women, boarded with local families.
Race. While the vast majority of the operatives were Caucasian, it is interesting to note that thirteen operatives were African American and three were Mulatto. At least two of these men held more technical positions. One was an engineer and the other a millwright. (Source: The First Families of Camperdown by Penelope Forrester (2009), pg 1.)
— Submitted October 24, 2010, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Notable Persons • Notable Places •
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