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Fort Oglethorpe in Catoosa County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Confederate Breakthrough

 
 
Confederate Breakthrough Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 1, 2010
1. Confederate Breakthrough Marker
Inscription.
A sledge hammer-like Confederate attack smashed the Union line

The decisive event of the Battle of Chickamauga occurred here on September 20, the second day of the battle. At 11:10 a.m., just after the last of General Wood´s Union division had pulled out of line behind you — and before other Federal units moved north to fill the gap — the Confederate army struck.

Eight brigades (about 11,000 men) of Longstreet's Confederate left wing swept across the La Fayette Road in front of you and charged a thin line of Federal skirmishers just behind you the edge of the woods. The attack surprise the Federal divisions of Wood, Davis, and Sheridan who were in motion and unprepared to fight.

So overwhelming was the assault that nearly one-third of the Union army was driven from the field, including its commander General Rosecrans. Remnants of shattered Federal units tried to check the Confederate advance, but without success. The Confederates now had an opportunity to surround and destroy the Union army.

(captions)
(center) Confederates charge across the open fields around the Brotherton Cabin to assault the weakened Federal position behind you.

(top right) Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, C.S.A.
Longstreet, commander of the left wing of the Confederate army,
Confederate Breakthrough Marker Map image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 1, 2010
2. Confederate Breakthrough Marker Map
engineered the attack.

(top right) Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson, C.S.A.
Johnson's Division spearheaded the Confederate breakthrough here at the Brotherton Cabin.

At 11:00 a.m. on the second day of the battle, Confederates of Gen. James Longstreet's wing led by Brig. Gen. Bushrod Johnson pierced the Union line at the Brotherton Cabin.
 
Erected by Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park.
 
Location. 34° 55.062′ N, 85° 15.672′ W. Marker is in Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Catoosa County. Marker is at the intersection of Dyer Road and Lafayette Raod, on the left when traveling west on Dyer Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chickamauga GA 30707, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bledsoe's Missouri Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Left Wing - Army of Tennessee (within shouting distance of this marker); Culpeper’s South Carolina Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); Gregg's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); War Comes to the Brothertons (within shouting distance of this marker); Johnson's Brigade
Confederate Breakthrough Marker Illustration image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 1, 2010
3. Confederate Breakthrough Marker Illustration
Brotherton Cabin (yellow arrow)
(within shouting distance of this marker); Beatty's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Buckner's Corps (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
 
Also see . . .  Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on August 20, 2015.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
James Longstreet & Bushrod Johnson image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 1, 2010
4. James Longstreet & Bushrod Johnson
Confederate Breakthrough Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 1, 2010
5. Confederate Breakthrough Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 258 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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