“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Medora in Billings County, North Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Frontier Military

Frontier Military Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 22, 2015
1. Frontier Military Marker
The Little Missouri Badlands played a key strategic role in the conflict between American Indians and the expanding United States.General Alfred Sully in 1864 led the first military expedition to cross the badlands. The expedition of 2,200 men and a large civilian wagon train entered the badlands from the east on August 6, fresh from a decisive victory on July 28 over the Sioux Indians at Killdeer Mountains.

Sully despaired of finding a route across the rugged terrain, but followed the guidance of a young Indian scout and successfully blazed a trail several miles south of present-day Medora. Sully’s command emerged from the badlands on August 9, after skirmishes with the Sioux, known as the Battle of the Badlands.

Military expeditions in 1871, 1872 and 1873 provided protection for railroad survey crews. Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and his Seventh U.S. Cavalry were part of the 1873 escort.

Custer and his regiment passed through the area in 1876 on the way to defeat at the Little Bighorn River in Montana. The Custer Trail is now identified and marked for posterity.

Later in 1876, General George Crook passed through from the west, before turning south toward the Black Hills in a desperate march for supplies.

The U.S. Military established a presence in 1879 with the construction
Frontier Military Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 22, 2015
2. Frontier Military Marker
of the Bad Lands Cantonment at the Northern Pacific railroad crossing on the west side of the Little Missouri River, west of present-day Medora. The cantonment was abandoned in early 1883, by which time the Indian threat had ended.
(Marker Number 7.)
Location. 46° 55.055′ N, 103° 31.997′ W. Marker is in Medora, North Dakota, in Billings County. Marker is on Pacific Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is located just west of the Little Missouri River. Marker is in this post office area: Medora ND 58645, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Little Missouri Bridge (here, next to this marker); Little Missouri: The Town (here, next to this marker); Bad Lands Cantonment (here, next to this marker); Medora Cemetery (here, next to this marker); Chateau de Mores (within shouting distance of this marker); De Mores Packing Plant (approx. 0.2 miles away); Dreams of a Cattle Empire (approx. ¼ mile away); Loading Dock (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Medora.
More about this marker. A picture of the Battle of Mauve Terre appears at the top of the marker. Below are portraits of Lt. Col. George Custer and General Alfred Sully.
Categories. Native AmericansWars, US Indian
Markers in Medora image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 22, 2015
3. Markers in Medora
Several markers can be fond at this location. The Frontier Military marker is the second from the left.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 179 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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