Chester in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The James River...Floating Through The Centuries
Native Americans 1500's
These boats were used by the Powhatan Indians to carry furs, food, and other trading items.
First Settlers 1600's
Shallops were wider and sometimes longer than canoes. They were propelled by oars or by mast. These wide body crafts were excellent for shallow water and were a practical means to transport people and cargo from one settlement to the next.
Sloops, shallops, barges, and double canoes were some of the more popular modes of floating the James during the 18th century.
Prior to the Civil War, the James was alive wth packets from New York, Baltimore, and Boston carrying a variety of cargo to and from Richmond.
Floating past Henricus today are pleasure crafts, tugboats and 10,000 ton cargo ships hauling tobacco, cotton, and other goods.
"Rough canoes, burned and scraped out of virgin timber"
"Boats on the James were versions of the Indian canoe or shallop"
"The River was swarming with boats and ships of all descriptions, many built right on the plantation from their own forests" "in 1855 1,217 boats and ships entered the (Richmond) dock,1,377 departed from it"
"The James is now one of the state's more accessible
Quotes from In River Time Ann Woodlief, 1985
Location. 37° 22.597′ N, 77° 21.629′ W. Marker is in Chester, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from Henricus Park Road 1.3 miles east of Coxendale Road. Click for map. Located in Henricus Historical Park 300 yards north of the parking lot. Marker is at or near this postal address: 251 Henricus Park Road, Chester VA 23836, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dutch Gap (here, next to this marker); The Tides (here, next to this marker); Mount Malady (here, next to this marker); USCTs At Dutch Gap (a few steps from this marker); Dutch Gap Canal (a few steps from this marker); The Bermuda Hundred Campaign (a few steps from this marker); The Lightkeeper’s House (within shouting distance of this marker); Henricopolis (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Chester.
Also see . . . Henricus Historical Park. (Submitted on August 30, 2015.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 150 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.